# What should a KS1 child know?

## What should a KS1 child know?

Your child will learn to:

• hold a pencil correctly.
• form upper and lower case letters correctly.
• join some letters.
• use capital letters, full stops and question marks.
• begin to use commas.
• write familiar words correctly and attempt new words.

## What should a child know by end of Year 1?

By the end of Year 1, children should be familiar with all numbers up to 100. It’s harder than it sounds, as your child has to understand place value (i.e. the value of each digit in a number – units, tens, hundreds and so on).

What topics do Year 2 learn about?

Children in Year 2 will also learn to add and subtract with two-digit and one-digit numbers. In fractions, they will find ⅓, ¼, ½, and ¾ of a shape or a quantity of objects. They will also study properties of 2D and 3D shapes, as well as a range of data-handling methods such as bar charts and pictograms.

### What is expected of a child in Year 1?

In Year 1, children will need to count forwards and backwards up to 100. They will need to know their addition and subtraction facts to 20. Children will need to find half and a quarter of a shape or quantity. They will start to measure using standard units and will learn to tell the time to the hour and half-hour.

### What should Year 3 be learning?

In Year 3 your child will start adding and subtracting with three-digit numbers, using column addition and subtraction. Children will learn how to find fractions of quantities and also about equivalent fractions. They will learn about perimeter and also how to tell the time on a 12-hour and 24-hour clock.

What do Year 1 learn in English?

In Year 1, your child will learn to tell stories orally, to write short sentences, and to check back what they have written. This includes: saying out loud what they are going to write about, and then composing sentences aloud. putting sentences together into short narratives.

## What is the Key Stage 1 curriculum?

Key Stage 1 is a part of the National Curriculum. It covers children between the ages of 5 and 7 in Years 1 and 2, and sets out which subjects have to be taught. It also determines how children should be tested.

## What should I teach in Year 1?

Year 1 children will learn about:

• Plants, identifying and naming plants and looking at their basic structure.
• Animals including humans, identifying and naming a range of animals and understanding how and why they are grouped.
• Everyday materials, looking at their properties.

What should I teach in Year 2?

Children in Year 2 will learn to add and subtract with two-digit and one-digit numbers. They will learn multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 times tables. Children will need to find 1/3, 1/4 1/2 and 3/4 of a shape or a quantity of objects.

### What subjects are taught in Year 3?

Maths.

• English.
• Grammar.
• Science.
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