What is the symptoms of poliomyelitis?
Back pain or stiffness. Neck pain or stiffness. Pain or stiffness in the arms or legs. Muscle weakness or tenderness.
Which signs are indicative of post polio syndrome?
Common signs and symptoms of post-polio syndrome include:
- Progressive muscle and joint weakness and pain.
- General fatigue and exhaustion with minimal activity.
- Muscle atrophy.
- Breathing or swallowing problems.
- Sleep-related breathing disorders, such as sleep apnea.
- Decreased tolerance of cold temperatures.
What is bulbar poliomyelitis?
Definition. A form of paralytic poliomyelitis affecting neurons of the medulla oblongata of the brain stem. Clinical features include impaired respiration, hypertension, alterations of vasomotor control, and dysphagia. Weakness and atrophy of the limbs and trunk due to spinal cord involvement is usually associated. (
How is GBS different from polio?
The basic clinical characteristics for the diagnosis of poliomyelitis are: myalgias and fever at the onset AFP, paralysis is asymmetrical, of distal predominance and causes severe muscular atrophy and skeletal deformities; the GBS presents as an ascending, symmetrical, areflexic paralysis of distal predominance.
What are the 3 types of poliovirus?
There are three wild types of poliovirus (WPV) – type 1, type 2, and type 3. People need to be protected against all three types of the virus in order to prevent polio disease and the polio vaccination is the best protection.
What kind of virus is poliovirus?
Polio. Poliovirus is an RNA virus that in 90% of individuals is entirely asymptomatic. In fewer than 1% of cases, however, the virus enters the central nervous system, preferentially infecting and destroying motor neurons, leading to muscle weakness and acute flaccid paralysis.
What is post poliomyelitis?
Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a condition that can affect polio survivors decades after they recover from their initial poliovirus infection. Unlike poliovirus, PPS is not contagious.
Why is it called pseudobulbar palsy?
Lepine, in 1877 introduced the term pseudobulbar palsy for differentiation purposes. Pseudobulbar palsy is due to an upper motor lesion caused by bilateral disturbance of the corticobulbar tracts.
What is the incubation period for bulbar poliomyelitis?
Most poliovirus infections cause asymptomatic viral replication that is limited to the alimentary tract. However, following an incubation period of approximately 7–10 days (range, 4–35 days), about 24% of those infected develop clinical signs such as fever, headache and sore throat (considered a minor illness).
What are the complications of poliomyelitis?
Complications of Polio Symptoms
- Inflammation of the heart muscle (Myocarditis)
- High blood pressure (Hypertension)
- Fluid in the lungs (Pulmonary edema)
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
Is Guillain-Barré syndrome connected to polio?
Strong evidence against a causal relationship between oral polio vaccine administration and Guillain-Barré syndrome is provided by the failure to find a correlation between the usual age of immunization with oral polio vaccine and the incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome by age and the failure to find any children with …