What is the main objective of national immunization Programme?
GOAL: To reduce child mortality, morbidity and disability associated with vaccine preventable diseases.
What is expanded program of immunization schedule in Sri Lanka?
The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) established in 1978, has continued to make excellent progress over the past two decades, most notably in terms of achieving high immunization coverage and disease control. The milestones of immunization in Sri Lanka are given below.
What vaccines are given in Sri Lanka?
- Moderna. Spikevax. Phase 1. Approved in 85 countries.
- Pfizer/BioNTech. Comirnaty. Phase 1.
- Gamaleya. Sputnik V. Phase 1.
- Oxford/AstraZeneca. Vaxzevria. Phase 1.
- Serum Institute of India. Covishield (Oxford/ AstraZeneca formulation) Phase 1.
- Sinopharm (Beijing) Covilo. Phase 1.
- Sinovac. CoronaVac. Phase 1.
What is aTd vaccine Sri Lanka?
Tetanus Toxoid During 1st pregnancy with a written evidence of previously being immunized with 6 doses of Tetanus Toxoid as per National EPI schedule (3 doses of DPT in infancy + DPT at 18 months + DT at 5 years + aTd at 12 years) during childhood and adolescent and a gap of 10 years or more after the last Tetanus …
What is immunization programs?
The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) was established in 1976 to ensure that infants/children and mothers have access to routinely recommended infant/childhood vaccines. Six vaccine-preventable diseases were initially included in the EPI: tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and measles.
What is EPI and its schedules?
The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was launched in Pakistan in 1978 to protect children by immunizing them against childhood tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and measles….Table 1. Pakistan’s EPI vaccination schedule.
What is the vaccine given at 18 months?
Immunization Chart for Babies in India
|16-18 Months||IPV (Injectable, Polio Vaccine) Booster Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine) Booster DTaP/DTwP (Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis) Booster|
|18 Months||Hep A (Hepatitis A vaccine) Dose 2|
|2 Years||Typhoid Booster|
How are vaccines in Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka has administered at least 36,159,785 doses of COVID vaccines so far. Assuming every person needs 2 doses, that’s enough to have vaccinated about 82.9% of the country’s population.
When do you use TIG and TT?
Indications2: Tetanus Immune Globulin (TIG) is recommended for tetanus treatment and prophylaxis against tetanus following injury in patients whose tetanus immunization is incomplete or uncertain.
What are the immunization programs available?
(i) Immunisation for infants—DPT, BCG, polio, measles and MMR. (ii) For children—Typhoid, TT, DT, small pox and TAB. (iii) For pregnant woman— TT and hepatitis-B. The diseases like typhoid, polio, measles, tetanus are the major health problems in our locality.