What is the blood supply to the cerebellum?

What is the blood supply to the cerebellum?

The arterial vascularization of the cerebellum is based on three arteries which all originate from the vertebrobasilar system: the superior cerebellar artery (SCA), the anterior and inferior cerebellar artery (AICA), and the posterior and inferior cerebellar artery (PICA).

Where is the right superior cerebellar artery?

The superior cerebellar artery arises near the end of the basilar artery. It passes laterally around the brainstem. This is immediately below the oculomotor nerve, which separates it from the posterior cerebral artery. It then winds around the cerebral peduncle, close to the trochlear nerve.

Where is the posterior inferior cerebellar artery?

vertebral artery
The posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) is the largest branch of the vertebral artery. It is one of the three main arteries that supply blood to the cerebellum, a part of the brain….

Posterior inferior cerebellar artery
Source Vertebral artery
Branches Medial branch lateral
Vein Inferior cerebellar veins

Where is the left superior cerebellar artery?

The superior cerebellar artery delivers oxygenated blood to the superior (upper) part of the cerebellum, located behind the top of the brain stem, and some locations within the midbrain.

What are the three major regions of the cerebellum?

On gross inspection, three lobes can be distinguished in the cerebellum: the flocculonodular lobe, the anterior lobe (rostral to the “primary fissure”), and the posterior lobe (dorsal to the “primary fissure”).

What three major blood vessels supply the cerebellum give the specific part of the cerebellum it supplies?

The cerebellum is supplied by three main arteries: the posterior inferior cerebellar artery, the anterior inferior cerebellar artery, and the superior cerebellar artery.

Where does the posterior cerebral artery supply?

The cortical branches of PCA supply the posterior medial parietal lobe and the splenium of the corpus callosum, inferior and medial part of the temporal lobe including the hippocampal formation, and the medial and inferior surfaces of the occipital lobe.

What artery supplies the superior cerebellum?

The superior cerebellar artery (SCA) arises from the distal basilar artery, just below the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) and typically supplies: whole superior surface of the cerebellar hemispheres down to the great horizontal fissure. superior vermis. dentate nucleus.

What are the three major regions of the cerebellum quizlet?


  • anterior lobe.
  • posterior lobe.
  • flocculonodular lobe.

What are the 3 functions of the cerebellum?

The cerebellum controls voluntary movements such as:

  • walking.
  • posture.
  • balance.
  • coordination.
  • eye movements.
  • speech.

What are the three lobes of the cerebellum?

The cerebellum can be separated into three lobes: the flocculonodular lobe, anterior lobe, and posterior lobe. The medial zone of the anterior and posterior lobes constitutes the spinocerebellum, or paleocerebellum. the cerebellum as in the neocortex. fissure), and the posterior lobe (below the primary fissure).

The blood supply to the cerebellum is via three main branches of the basilar artery. These are the superior cerebellar, anterior inferior cerebellar and posterior inferior cerebellar arteries. Fix, J. (2002). Neuroanatomy. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pp.251-257.

What is the function of the cerebellum?

Neuroanatomy, Cerebellum – StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf The cerebellum is a vital component in the human brain as it plays a role in motor movement regulation and balance control. The cerebellum coordinates gait and maintains posture, controls muscle tone and voluntary muscle activity but is unable to initiate muscle contraction.

How many branches does the cerebellum have?

Three main branches provide vascular supply to the cerebellum, two of which arise from the basilar component of the system and one arises from each vertebral branch of the system. The first branch from the basilar artery is the superior cerebellar artery.

What does the posterior inferior cerebellar artery supply?

Posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) is one of the three vessels that provide arterial supply to the cerebellum. It is the most variable and tortuous cerebellar artery. On this page:

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