What is the 1002 area in Alaska?

What is the 1002 area in Alaska?

Arctic Refuge coastal plain
Section 1002 of the act stated that a comprehensive inventory of fish and wildlife resources would be conducted on 1.5 million acres (0.61 million ha) of the Arctic Refuge coastal plain (1002 Area).

What is ANWR and where is it located?

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) is one of Alaska’s crown jewels in the Arctic region and encompasses 19.6 million acres in remote northeastern Alaska. The refuge straddles the eastern Brooks Range from the treeless Arctic Coast to the taiga of the Porcupine River Valley.

How much oil is under the ANWR?

Based on a single seismic survey done in the mid-1980s, and the results from wells drilled outside the refuge, the U.S. Geological Survey estimates the refuge may hold between 4.3 billion and 11.8 billion barrels of “technically recoverable” oil.

What is ANWR stand for?

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Refuge during summer
Location in northern Alaska
Location North Slope Borough and Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States

What is ANWR oil?

The 1,563,500-acre ANWR oil and gas program area referred to as the “Coastal Plain” is located along the coast of the approximately 19.3 million-acre Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) on Alaska’s North Slope.

Where and how large is ANWR when did ANWR come into existence?

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, vast natural area occupying the northeastern corner of the U.S. state of Alaska. It was established in 1960 as Arctic National Wildlife Range with an area of approximately 13,900 square miles (36,000 square km) and was expanded and renamed Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in 1980.

Are Alaskan caribou endangered?

Each year these caribou undertake an epic journey from their breeding range in the Arctic tundra and the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to their wintering grounds south in the boreal forests….Caribou.

Endangered Species Act IUCN Red List CITES
Not Listed Vulnerable Not Listed

Who owns the ANWR?

the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
It is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, with headquarters in Fairbanks. One of the great pristine and largely undisturbed wilderness areas of North America, the refuge has been the subject of much controversy because of the potential hydrocarbon reserves within it.

Who founded the ANWR?

The Arctic Refuge encompasses coastal tundra and mountains in northeast Alaska. The article’s authors, National Park Service planner George Collins and biologist Lowell Sumner, recruited Wilderness Society President Olaus Murie and his wife Margaret into an effort to permanently protect the area.

What is the ANWR 1002 area?

The debate over opening ANWR to drilling gained headway nationally in 1980, when President Jimmy Carter set aside less than eight percent of the refuge for potential oil and gas development. This section of ANWR became known as the 1002 area, after a section of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act.

What does ANWR stand for?

The Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (1980) established the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) (fig. 1).

Should we drill in ANWR 1002?

Much of the debate over whether to drill in the 1002 area of ANWR rests on the amount of economically recoverable oil, as it relates to world oil markets, weighed against the potential harm oil exploration might have upon the natural wildlife, in particular the calving ground of the Porcupine caribou.

How is petroleum data collected within ANWR?

Collection of seismic data within ANWR requires an act of Congress, and these are the only seismic data ever collected within the 1002 area. All this information was integrated as basic input into the petroleum assessment. The term “petroleum” is used herein to include crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids.

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