What is democracy?
Democracy, which derives from the Greek word demos, or people, is defined, basi- cally, as government in which the supreme power is vested in the people. In some forms, democracy can be exercised directly by the people; in large societies, it is by the people through their elected agents.
What is a democratic system of government Quizlet?
Democracy is a system of government where the citizens of a state exercise power to rule the state, either directly or through electing representatives. What does democracy mean?
What is demdemocracy?
Democracy may be a word familiar to most, but it is a concept still misunderstood and misused at a time when dictators, single-party regimes, and military coup leaders alike assert popular support by claiming the mantle of democracy.
What is democracy according to Diamond?
In a lecture titled “What is Democracy”? Larry Diamond (2004) gave an overview of what in his opinion is democracy. He describes democracy as a system of government with four key elements: A system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections;
What is democracy according to Popper?
Although democracy is generally understood to be defined by voting, no consensus exists on a precise definition of democracy. Karl Popper says that the “classical” view of democracy is simply, “in brief, the theory that democracy is the rule of the people, and that the people have a right to rule.”
What is the origin of democracy?
However, the main idea of democracy is widely accepted to have originated from Athens in the 5thcentury BC. The Webster New Encyclopaedic Dictionary (1995) defines democracy as a government in which supreme power is invested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through representation.
What is democraticism in politics?
Democratic political figures are not supreme rulers but rather temporary guardians of an empty place. Any claim to substance such as the collective good, the public interest or the will of the nation is subject to the competitive struggle and times of for gaining the authority of office and government.
What is representative democracy Quizlet?
Representative democracy, which characterizes the U.S. system, occurs when people elect representatives to ensure their interests in government. When we think of democracy today, we usually think of a representative one in which all or most people are able to participate.
What is Demokratia?
The Greek demokratia dates all the way back to the 5th century b.c., when it was used to describe the government in some city-states, notably Athens. There are two kinds of democracy: direct and representative.
What is radradical democracy?
Radical democracy is based on the idea that there are hierarchical and oppressive power relations that exist in society. Democracy’s role is to make visible and challenge those relations by allowing for difference, dissent and antagonisms in decision-making processes.
What is the meaning of Athenian democracy?
The term appeared in the 5th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in Greek city-states, notably Athens, to mean “rule of the people”, in contrast to aristocracy ( ἀριστοκρατία, aristokratía ), meaning “rule of an elite”.
What are the basic principles of democracy?
Democracies rest upon the principle that government exists to serve the people. In other words, the people are citizens of the democratic state, not its subjects. Because the state protects the rights of its citizens, they, in turn, give the state their loyalty.
What is the meaning of representative democracy?
Representative democracy. In a representative democracy, representatives are elected by the people and entrusted to carry out the business of governance. Australia is a representative democracy.
What is the difference between freedom and Democracy?
Or, in the memorable phrase of President Abraham Lincoln, democracy is government of the people, by the people, and for the people. Freedom and democracy are often used interchange- ably, but the two are not synonymous.
Why do citizens of a democracy have to obey the law?
Whether rich or poor, ethnic majority or reli- gious minority, political ally of the state or peaceful opponent – all must obey the laws. The citizens of a democracy submit to the law because they recognize that, however indirectly, they are submitting to themselves as makers of the law. When In democracy, trials are open to the public.
The word “democracy” comes from two Greek words that mean people ( demos) and rule ( kratos ). Democracy is the idea that the citizens of a country should take an active role in the government of their country and manage it directly or through elected representatives.
What is the essence of the democratic system?
The essence of the democratic system is an empty place, void of real people, which can only be temporarily filled and never be appropriated. The seat of power is there but remains open to constant change.
Is democracy a promise or a challenge?
In Thomas Jefferson s ringing but shrewd phrase, the promise of democracy is life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness Democracy is then both a promise and a challenge.
What are democraticdemocratic principles?
Democratic principles are reflected in all eligible citizens being equal before the law and having equal access to legislative processes.
Is a government chosen by a small group a democracy?
A government chosen by a small, exclusive group is not a democracy – no matter how democratic its internal workings may appear.
Where does the word democracy come from in Greek?
Democracy, literally, rule by the people. The term is derived from the Greek dēmokratia, which was coined from dēmos (“people”) and kratos (“rule”) in the middle of the 5th century bce to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city-states, notably Athens.
What is democratic constitutionalism?
Democratic constitutionalism is ultimately the foun- dation by which a society, through the clash and com- promise of ideas, institutions, and individuals, reaches, however imperfectly, for truth. Democracy is pragmatic.
How has the notion of democracy evolved over time?
The notion of democracy has evolved over time considerably. The original form of democracy was a direct democracy. The most common form of democracy today is a representative democracy, where the people elect government officials to govern on their behalf such as in a parliamentary or presidential democracy.
What is a citizen of a democracy?
A citizen of a democracy may be a member of a number of private or volunteer organizations – including interest groups that try, in some fashion, to influence public policy and persuade public officials of their views.
What is a council democracy?
This system ultimately manifests itself as council democracy and begins with workplace democracy. Democracy cannot consist solely of elections that are nearly always fictitious and managed by rich landowners and professional politicians. Anarchists are split in this domain, depending on whether they believe that a majority-rule is tyrannic or not.
What is cosmopolitan democracy?
Cosmopolitan democracy, also known as Global democracy or World Federalism, is a political system in which democracy is implemented on a global scale, either directly or through representatives.
What are the characteristics of a democratic society?
Democracy provides an environment that respects human rights and fundamental freedoms, and in which the freely expressed will of people is exercised. People have a say in decisions and can hold decision-makers to account. Women and men have equal rights and all people are free from discrimination.