What is acrolect and examples?
Acrolect meaning The variety of speech that is closest to a standard prestige language, especially in an area in which a creole is spoken. For example, Standard Jamaican English is the acrolect where Jamaican Creole is spoken. noun.
What is acrolect and basilect?
Thus, a basilect is the form of a variety that is furthest away from the standard. Thus, an acrolect is the form of a variety that is closest to the standard.
What is acrolect and mesolect?
In sociolinguistics, acrolect is a creole variety that tends to command respect because its grammatical structures do not deviate significantly from those of the standard variety of the language. The term mesolect refers to intermediate points in the post-creole continuum.
What is acrolect mesolect and basilect in communication studies?
An acrolect is a register of a spoken language that is considered formal and high-style. The term mesolect refers to a register or range of registers of spoken language whose character falls somewhere between the prestige of the acrolect and the informality of the basilect.
What is a superstrate language?
In linguistics, a stratum (Latin for “layer”) or strate is a language that influences or is influenced by another through contact. A substratum or substrate is a language that has lower power or prestige than another, while a superstratum or superstrate is the language that has higher power or prestige.
Who uses mesolect?
The Jamaican urban mesolect is portrayed as a coherent system showing stratified yet regular linguistic behavior, embedded in a well-defined speech community; despite the incorporation of forms and constraints from English, it is quintessentially creole in character.
What is the meaning basilect?
Definition of basilect : the least prestigious language variety of a community — compare acrolect.
What is basilect in language?
băsə-lĕkt. The variety of speech that is most remote from the prestige variety, especially in an area where a creole is spoken. For example, in Jamaica, Jamaican Creole is the basilect whereas Standard Jamaican English is the acrolect or prestige language.
What is mesolect example?
noun. (relative to the acrolect and the basilect) an intermediate dialect or variety of a particular language (used especially in the study of Creoles). ‘Basilects and acrolects require some form, but mesolects require none. ‘
What is the meaning mesolect?
noun Linguistics. any variety of language in a creole continuum that is intermediate between the basilect and the acrolect.
Is Swedish a superstrate?
Högström (in a book published in 1747) allows us to suggest that Borgarmålet was a typical pidgin characterized by a vocabulary derived mostly from the superstrate language (Swedish), by a stable simplified grammatical structure without synthetic forms and by direct or transformed grammatical interference from the …
What is the difference between superstrate and substrate?
A substratum or substrate is a language that has lower power or prestige than another, while a superstratum or superstrate is the language that has higher power or prestige. Both substratum and superstratum languages influence each other, but in different ways.