What happened on November 9th 1989?
The Berlin Wall: The Fall of the Wall On November 9, 1989, as the Cold War began to thaw across Eastern Europe, the spokesman for East Berlin’s Communist Party announced a change in his city’s relations with the West. Starting at midnight that day, he said, citizens of the GDR were free to cross the country’s borders.
What was the turmoil of 1989 in Germany?
It was on 9 November 1989, five days after half a million people gathered in East Berlin in a mass protest, that the Berlin Wall dividing communist East Germany from West Germany crumbled. East German leaders had tried to calm mounting protests by loosening the borders, making travel easier for East Germans.
Why was the Berlin Wall destroyed?
The wall formed part of the so-called Iron Curtain that divided the communist Soviet Union from Western Europe during the Cold War. The Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989, after an erroneous East German announcement that travel restrictions to West Germany would be lifted immediately.
What is Berlin Wall history?
The Berlin Wall was built by the German Democratic Republic during the Cold War to prevent its population from escaping Soviet-controlled East Berlin to West Berlin, which was controlled by the major Western Allies. It divided the city of Berlin into two physically and ideologically contrasting zones.
Why was Berlin split in half?
After a massive Allied airlift in June 1948 foiled a Soviet attempt to blockade West Berlin, the eastern section was drawn even more tightly into the Soviet fold. …
How much of old Berlin is left?
Today, almost nothing is left of it. In many places, metal plates in the ground remind us where the Wall once stood. For more than 28 years, the Wall divided East and West Berlin. Today, almost nothing is left of it.
Who did Russia have to share Berlin with?
However, on July 11, 1945, the Russian government announced that it would hand over all civilian and military control of West Berlin to British and American forces.