What does 1813 Iron Cross mean?
The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year “1813” appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials “FW” for King Friedrich Wilhelm III, while the next two have a “W” for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II.
How much is a German ww2 Iron Cross worth?
Knights of the Iron Cross: A History 1939-1945
How can you tell if a German Iron Cross is real?
The actual iron cross in the middle is a separate piece from the outer frame. If you take a strong magnet the iron in the cross will easily stick to it. This is almost a sure sign your iron cross is real. The fakes are made of cheap metals that won’t stick to the magnet.
Does the German army still use the iron cross?
The Iron Cross still rates as Germany’s most famous military insignia, but its role has been reduced to that of a black and white emblem on the aircraft, tanks and warships of the post-war armed forces. It was dropped as a medal in 1945.
Why do bikers wear the Iron Cross?
The Iron cross began to be further embraced by bikers and to stand for things like honor, bravery and loyalty. This is much in keeping with the original meaning of the Iron Cross and the other military crosses shown below. The Iron Cross has become an integral part of the biker lifestyle.
What was the highest German medal in ww2?
The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross
The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes), or simply the Knight’s Cross (Ritterkreuz), and its variants, were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II.
What happened to Hitler’s Iron Cross?
During the battle, Alfred was severely wounded by a shot that went through his lungs. A wound from which he would suffer for the rest of his life. Before his capture by the Soviets, Alfred’s commander ordered him to throw away his Iron Cross and uniform to save his life. Alfred became a prisoner of war.
Why do bikers wear Iron Cross?
The Iron Cross is a famous German military medal dating back to the 19th century. In the United States, however, the Iron Cross also became one of several Nazi-era symbols adopted by outlaw bikers, more to signify rebellion or to shock than for any white supremacist ideology.
What was the German Iron Cross made of?
The basic design of the medal has remained constant, that of a Maltese Cross of cast iron edged with silver. The World War II design had “1939” etched on the bottom arm, where formerly the dates had been “1813,” “1870,” or “1914.” The reverse side of the World War II medal had “1813” inscribed.
Where is the makers mark on a Iron Cross?
Manufactures. If present the manufacturer’s mark is found on either side of the pin, or on the reverse of the cross either at the lower arm or the center.
What is the German eagle called?
The Reichsadler (“Imperial Eagle”) is the heraldic eagle, derived from the Roman eagle standard, used by the Holy Roman Emperors and in modern coats of arms of Germany, including those of the Second German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933) and Nazi Germany (1933–1945).
What does Maltese cross stand for?
symbol of protection
The Maltese Cross is your symbol of protection. It means that the firefighter who wears this cross is willing to lay down his/her life for you, just as Crusaders sacrificed their lives for their fellow man so may years ago.
What is the significance of the Kreuz?
Eisernes Kreuz was a combat decoration for a specific military campaigned and therefore was reinstituted every time Kingdom of Prussia or later German Empire fought a war. That clause was specifically stressed by changing dates situated at the lower arm of the cross on its obverse.
How did Kreuzberg get its name?
In 1821 Schinkel crowned the top of his design of the National Monument for the Liberation Wars with an Iron Cross, becoming name-giving as Kreuzberg (cross mountain) for the hill it stands on and – 100 years later – for the homonymous quarter adjacent to it. The Black Cross was used on the naval and combat flags of the German Empire.
What is the Kreuz award made of?
Initially Eisernes Kreuz had a quite simple shape of an equilateral black enameled Teutonic cross pattée made of iron. However, shortly after its introduction it turned out that the new award merged into dark blue background of Prussian tunics and therefore was nearly unnoticeable.
What is the ISBN number for Eisernes Kreuz?
29. ISBN 3-922912-19-2. ^ “Eisernes Kreuz 1813 – 1.Klasse” (in German). Militaria Lexikon. Retrieved 28 October 2016. ^ v. Heyden, Hermann (1897).