What are the complication of schistosomiasis?
Some of the major complications are high blood pressure (hypertension), seizures, bacterial infections, urinary obstruction, organ damage or destruction, and death.
What is a complication of infection with Schistosoma Haematobium?
Egg retention and granuloma formation in the urinary tract (S haematobium) can lead to hematuria, dysuria, bladder polyps and ulcers, and even obstructive uropathies. S haematobium infection is also associated with an increased rate of bladder cancer, usually squamous cell rather than transitional cell.
What disease does Schistosoma cause?
Schistosomiasis, also known as snail fever, bilharzia, and Katayama fever, is a disease caused by parasitic flatworms called schistosomes. The urinary tract or the intestines may be infected….
|Symptoms||Abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloody stool, blood in the urine|
What are the symptoms and pathogenesis of Schistosoma?
Symptoms of schistosomiasis are caused by the body’s reaction to the worms’ eggs. Intestinal schistosomiasis can result in abdominal pain, diarrhoea, and blood in the stool.
Who is most at risk for becoming infected with schistosomiasis?
Schistosomiasis is an important cause of disease in many parts of the world, most commonly in places with poor sanitation. School-age children who live in these areas are often most at risk because they tend to spend time swimming or bathing in water containing infectious cercariae.
How long can schistosomiasis live in the body?
Schistosomes live an average of 3–10 years, but in some cases as long as 40 years, in their human hosts. Adult male and female worms live much of this time in copula, the slender female fitted into the gynaecophoric canal of the male, where she produces eggs and he fertilises them (appendix).
What are the possible complications of urogenital schistosomiasis?
Bladder cancer is another possible complication in the later stages. In women, urogenital schistosomiasis may present with genital lesions, vaginal bleeding, pain during sexual intercourse, and nodules in the vulva. In men, urogenital schistosomiasis can induce pathology of the seminal vesicles, prostate, and other organs.
What are the possible neurologic complications of cerebral schistosomiasis?
Neurological complications of cerebral schistosomiasis include delirium, loss of consciousness, seizures, dysphasia, visual field impairment, focal motor deficits and ataxia. Cerebral and cerebellar tumour-like neuroschistosomiasis can present with increased intracranial pressure, headache, nausea and vomiting, and seizures.
What is the clinical presentation of schistosomiasis?
Clinical Presentation. Many infections are asymptomatic. Acute schistosomiasis (Katayama’s fever) may occur weeks after the initial infection, especially by S. mansoni and S. japonicum. Manifestations include fever, cough, abdominal pain, diarrhea, hepatosplenomegaly, and eosinophilia.
What are the risk factors for schistosomiasis?
Schistosomiasis mostly affects poor and rural communities, particularly agricultural and fishing populations. Women doing domestic chores in infested water, such as washing clothes, are also at risk and can develop female genital schistosomiasis.