What are the 7 layers of OSI model and their functions?

What are the 7 layers of OSI model and their functions?

OSI Model Explained: The OSI 7 Layers

  1. Physical Layer.
  2. Data Link Layer.
  3. Network Layer.
  4. Transport Layer.
  5. Session Layer.
  6. Presentation Layer. The presentation layer prepares data for the application layer.
  7. Application Layer. The application layer is used by end-user software such as web browsers and email clients.

What protocols are used in each layer of OSI model?

TCP/IP Protocol Architecture Model

OSI Ref. Layer No. OSI Layer Equivalent TCP/IP Protocol Examples
5,6,7 Application, session, presentation NFS, NIS+, DNS, telnet , ftp , rlogin , rsh , rcp , RIP, RDISC, SNMP, and others
4 Transport TCP, UDP
3 Network IP, ARP, ICMP
2 Data link PPP, IEEE 802.2

Which of the following is lower layer of OSI model?

The data link layer and the physical layer are implemented in hardware and software. The physical layer is the lowest layer of the OSI model and is closest to the physical medium. The physical layer is mainly responsible for placing the information on the physical medium.

Which of the following layer of OSI model keeps different applications data separate and provides synchronization?

Session Layer – OSI Model Session layer manages and synchronize the conversation between two different applications.

What are l2 l3 protocols?

There are several sorts of network protocols. Layer 2 − The second layer is the data link layer. Data link layers 2 are best shown by Mac addresses and Ethernet. Layer 3 − Layer 3 is a network layer that identifies the best available communication channel in the network. Layer 3 is exemplified by an IP address.

How many protocols are used in the application layer *?

15 protocols
How many protocols are used in the application layer? Explanation: More than 15 protocols are used in the application layer, including file transfer protocol, Telnet, Trivial File Transfer Protocol and simple network Management Protocol. 5.

Which of the following protocols working in the physical layer of the OSI model?


Layer Name Protocols
Layer 4 Transport TCP, UDP
Layer 3 Network IPV5, IPV6, ICMP, IPSEC, ARP, MPLS.
Layer 2 Data Link RAPA, PPP, Frame Relay, ATM, Fiber Cable, etc.
Layer 1 Physical RS232, 100BaseTX, ISDN, 11.

What are protocols and its types?

Types of Protocols

  • Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
  • Internet Protocol (IP)
  • User Datagram Protocol (UDP)
  • Post office Protocol (POP)
  • Simple mail transport Protocol (SMTP)
  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
  • Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
  • Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS)

What is the principle of protocol?

Principle – “a moral rule or belief that helps you know what is right and wrong and that influences your actions.” Protocol – “a system of rules that explain the correct conduct and procedures to be followed in formal situations.”

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