What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?
The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).
What causes mental retardation?
Causes of mental retardation include fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effect; brain damage caused by the use of prescription or illegal drugs during pregnancy; brain injury and disease; and genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome.
How does mental retardation start and develop?
Genetics. About 5 percent of mental retardation is caused by hereditary factors. Mental retardation may be caused by an inherited abnormality of the genes, such as fragile X syndrome . Fragile X, a defect in the chromosome that determines sex, is the most common inherited cause of mental retardation.
When was mental retardation changed to intellectual disability?
In May 2013, with the publication of DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association 2013), the term intellectual disability (ID) replaced mental retardation for the first time in DSM, and the language used to define ID became more closely aligned with that of the AAIDD.
How can you tell if someone is slow?
The slow person
- Slow people don’t need the rush to find what they want.
- They love being in nature much more.
- They need more time to learn new things.
- They’re good listeners.
- The look carefully if everything is correct.
- They’re the last person who finishes things.
- Doing their projects takes more time.
- Everything must be perfect.
What is the most common inherited cause of mental retardation?
Among genetic disorders, Fragile X syndrome and Down syndrome are the commonest causes of mental retardation. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is an inherited form of mental retardation. FXS is estimated to affect 1 in 2,500 males and 1 in 8,000 females.
How do you raise a child with intellectual disability?
Encourage independence in your child. For example, help your child learn daily care skills, such as dressing, feeding him or herself, using the bathroom, and grooming. Give your child chores. Keep her age, attention span, and abilities in mind.
What is the difference between mental illness and mental retardation?
There is no difference between mental retardation and mental illness.
What are 3 intellectual disabilities?
The common types of intellectual disabilities include autism, Down syndrome, fragile x syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, and Prader-Willi syndrome. Intellectual disability is the impairment of cognitive functioning, characterized by having an IQ of less than 70, given the average IQ is 100.
What can I say instead of disabled?
In referring to people with disabilities, it is preferable to use language that focuses on their abilities rather than their disabilities. Therefore, the use of the terms “handicapped,” “able-bodied,” “physically challenged,” and “differently abled” is discouraged.
Are slow thinkers less intelligent?
Not all problems will wait for you to solve them slowly. Which is why the concept of intelligence usually includes a time component and a person solving the same problem slower is considered less intelligent.