What are legumes in science?

What are legumes in science?

legume, also called pod, fruit of plants in the pea family (Fabaceae). Most legumes are dehiscent fruits that release their seeds by splitting open along two seams, though some, such as peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) and carobs (Ceratonia siliqua), do not naturally open.

What are legumes examples?

Legumes — a class of vegetables that includes beans, peas and lentils — are among the most versatile and nutritious foods available. Legumes are typically low in fat, contain no cholesterol, and are high in folate, potassium, iron and magnesium. They also contain beneficial fats and soluble and insoluble fiber.

What are legumes definition for kids?

Legumes are flowering plants of the pea family. The pods, or fruits, of these plants are also called legumes. There are more than 18,000 species, or types, of legume. Some well-known legumes include beans, peas, peanuts, and soybeans. Legumes can grow as herbs, vines, shrubs, or large trees.

What makes a plant a legume?

What are legumes? Legumes are any type of plant in the Fabaceae (or Leguminosae) botanical family. But in layman’s, they’re usually a pod with a seed in it, and the seed is the part that we eat (otherwise known as a pulse).

What is a legume vs bean?

The main difference between legumes and beans is that the seeds collected from different plants are called beans, A legume is any plant that bears its fruit inside a pod. Legume is an umbrella term that includes beans and pulses. Thus, all beans are considered a legume, but not all legumes are considered beans.

Which crops are legumes?


  • Lentils.
  • Peas.
  • Broad beans.
  • Chickpeas.
  • Soybeans.
  • Beans (lima, common)
  • Peanuts.

Is legume a fruit?

A dry, several-seeded fruit that has developed from one flower having a single-celled ovary, and splits open along two seams at maturity (such as peas, beans); often a long pod.

What is legumes food group?

Beans and peas (legumes) include black beans, garbanzo beans (chickpeas), kidney beans, soybeans, and tofu. Legumes can also be counted in the protein foods group.

What are leguminous crops?

Leguminous is used to describe plants in the legume family, which includes the plants that produce some beans, peas, and lentils. Crops that have nodules in their roots that contain nitrogen-fixing bacteria are called leguminous crops.

What is legumes in agriculture?

Legumes (singular: legume) are plants belonging to the family Leguminosae (Fabaceae). Leguminosae is also called the legume family. It can also pertain to the fruit or the seed of the Leguminosae family. The term “pulse”, however, is ascribed specifically to the dried seeds harvested from the leguminous fruit crops.

What is the difference between vegetable and legume?

Vegetables come from many different parts of the plant, including the leaves, roots, tubers, flowers, stems, seeds and shoots. Legumes are the seeds of the plant and are eaten in their immature form as green peas and beans, and the mature form as dried peas, beans, lentils and chickpeas.

What food category is a bean?

Vegetable Group
You can choose to count beans, peas, and lentils as part of the Vegetable Group or the Protein Foods Group depending on how they fit into your overall eating pattern. They are excellent sources of dietary fiber and nutrients such as folate and potassium, similar to vegetables.

What are the different types of legumes?

The different type of legumes include all beans and peas, like kidney beans, haricot beans, chickpeas, field peas and even peanuts. Legumes are a certain type of plant that often give off edible beans and peas.

Which beans are considered legumes?

A legume is any plant that produces seeds in pods. Legumes tend to be high in protein and fiber and low in fat. Most types of beans, including chickpeas, black beans, kidney beans, navy beans and pinto beans, are considered legumes.

What does the name legumes mean?

(Plants) the long dry dehiscent fruit produced by leguminous plants; a pod

  • (Plants) any table vegetable of the family Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae ),esp beans or peas
  • (Plants) any leguminous plant
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