How do you mention multiple authors in a paper?

A Work by Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses.

How many authors do you list in APA in text citation?

A Work by Three or More Authors List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period.

How do you cite 4 authors in APA in text?

APA in-text citations with multiple authors If there are three or more authors, only include the first author’s last name followed by “et al.”, meaning “and others”. Group authors known by their abbreviations (e.g., CDC) are written in full the first time and are abbreviated in subsequent citations.

How do you read et al?

“et al.” is an abbreviation. When read aloud, you pronounce the full term “et alii” (or “et alia”) – same as you would say “et cetera” when reading aloud the “etc.” abbreviation. Alternatively, you could say “and others” – same as you would say “for example” when reading aloud the “e.g.” abbreviation.

Can I use et al in a sentence?

Just write the sentence as you normally would. Besides the period, et al. For references with three to five authors, list all the authors in the first citation of the work, but abbreviate using the name of the first author and et al. for any additional citations of the same work.

Can you use et al in a greeting?

Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don’t fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere.

What is et al used for?

Academic writing is full of little conventions that may seem opaque to the uninitiated. One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler.

Is Dear all rude?

Dear all is perfectably acceptable. So is Dear Colleagues. It depends on how formal or informal you want to be, and what is normal usage in your workplace. If in doubt, do what appears to be normal practice.

How do you say hello in a group?

To be particularly respectful, you can also include the person’s last name, for example: “Good morning, Ms Jones.” If you know someone well, you can also use the first name. When you are greeting a group of people – for example at a meeting – you can also say something such as: Good morning, everyone.

Can you say hi all?

Email greetings to groups If it’s a group of people you know really well, you can use something more informal such as “Hi all,” “Hi team” or “Hi everyone.”

Is it Hi everyone or Hi everybody?

Hi. The only difference between, “Hi everybody” and “Hi everyone” is , “everyone” is more formal. But both are correct greetings. You can also say, “Hi all”.

Is it OK to say greetings?

If you are a native speaker and speaking with another native speaker, a simple hello would be fine. Hello all, hello everyone, or welcome eveyone (if you are greeting tham at an event, to a meeting etc) is quite acceptable when meeting several people at the same time.

Is Hi a formal greeting?

“Hi” is an informal and casual version of “Hello.” It is typically a greeting between friends or familiar people. “Hello” is a more formal greeting, usually used with people you don’t know or over the phone to an unfamiliar caller.

What is a nice greeting?

Good morning, Good afternoon, or Good evening These are formal ways of saying “hello”, which change depending on the time of day. Keep in mind that “good night” is only used to say “good bye”, so if you meet someone late in the day, remember to greet them with “good evening”, rather than “good night”.