## How do you calculate magnetic variation on a map?

This information is usually found on the compass rose on your chart. Variation is the difference in degrees and minutes between True North on the chart you are looking at and Magnetic North at that place at a given time.

### What is map variation?

Somewhat more formally, Bowditch defines variation as “the angle between the magnetic and geographic meridians at any place, expressed in degrees and minutes east or west to indicate the direction of magnetic north from true north.

**How do you find variation in navigation?**

To find the variation for any given year we need the variation from the compass rose and the year for which it was correct, then add or subtract the annual change. This would be rounded up or down to the nearest whole degree for practical use.

**What is the current magnetic variation UK 2021?**

Answer: +0.49° (0°29′)

## How far off is true north from magnetic north?

True north and magnetic north are separated by approximately 500 kilometers (310.6 miles). True north is where longitudinal lines meet into what is commonly referred to as the North Pole.

### How do you use a compass to find true north?

To find true north, turn the bezel the same magnitude and direction as your declination value. Most compasses will have degree markers on the bezel to help you do this. Next, line up your needle and your orienting arrow by turning your body again. You should now be facing true north!

**What is magnetic compass deviation and variation?**

Compass deviation is another magnetic error effecting the steering compass. Variation is a magnetic interference common to all vessels. Deviation is a magnetic interference unique to the vessel itself.

**How do you find the compass variation?**

How to Find Variation with a Compass Rose

- Find the difference in years between 2012 and 1985. 2012 – 1985 = 27 (years).
- Multiply 27 (years) X 8′ (decrease per year) = 216′ or 3º 36′.
- Apply this to the variation shown.
- Round off the final number to the closest whole degree.

## Where is the magnetic north now?

Based on the current WMM model, the 2020 location of the north magnetic pole is 86.50°N and 164.04°E and the south magnetic pole is 64.07°S and 135.88°E.