How are lobe-finned fish similar to tetrapods?
ORIGIN OF THE TETRAPODS Their lobe-fins contained a series of bony elements linked to the pelvic and pectoral girdles that were much like tetrapod legs. Their jaw suspension connected directly to the brain and their teeth resembled those of the labyrinthodonts.
What are the three types of lobe-finned fish?
Modern taxonomists branch the lobe-finned fishes into three major groups – the Coelacanth (Coelacanthomorpha), and the Lungfish (Dipnoi) and Land vertebrates (tetrapods). For the purposes of this overview of the group, we’ll concentrate on the first two – coelacanths and lungfish.
What makes a lobe-finned fish?
The lobe-finned fishes are the sister group to the ray-finned fishes. They are characterized by their paired, fleshy pectoral, and pelvic fins that are each articulated via a single bone. Ancestral records clearly show us that terrestrial vertebrates evolved from lobe-finned fishes nearly 400 million years ago.
What are two examples of living lobe-finned fish?
There are two types of living lobe-finned fish: the coelacanths and the lungfish. The pectoral and pelvic fins have joints resembling those of tetrapod (four-limbed land vertebrates) limbs.
Are ray finned fish tetrapods?
Tetrapods evolved from a finned organism that lived in the water. The common ancestor of all those different organisms (ray-fins, coelacanths, lungfishes, tetrapods, etc.) was neither a lobe-fin nor a ray-fin. This ancient vertebrate lineage had fins (with lepidotrichia), scales, gills, and lived in the water.
Are tetrapods Sarcopterygii?
The Sarcopterygii, or lobe-finned fishes, is a clade containing the coelacanths, lungfishes, tetrapods, and their fossil relatives, including the osteolepiformes and panderichthyids.
Are tetrapods sarcopterygians?
The group Tetrapoda, a superclass including amphibians, reptiles (including dinosaurs and therefore birds), and mammals, evolved from certain sarcopterygians; under a cladistic view, tetrapods are themselves considered a group within Sarcopterygii.
Did tetrapods evolve from lobe-finned?
The evolution of tetrapods began about 400 million years ago in the Devonian Period with the earliest tetrapods evolved from lobe-finned fishes. Most amphibians today remain semiaquatic, living the first stage of their lives as fish-like tadpoles.