Why is Teotihuacan important?
Artifacts found in the city and sites across Mexico suggest Teotihuacan was a wealthy trade metropolis in its prime. In particular, the city exported fine obsidian tools, including spear and dart heads. Teotihuacan had a monopoly on obsidian trade—the most important deposit in Mesoamerica was located near the city.
What happened in the Temple of Quetzalcoatl?
The Feathered-Serpent Pyramid was burnt, all the sculptures were torn from the temple, and another platform was built to efface the facade …
What did the Aztecs think of Teotihuacan?
Teotihuacan cast a long cultural shadow through history and, 1,000 years after its peak, the last great Pre-Columbian civilization, the Aztecs, revered the city as the origin of civilization. They believed Teotihuacan was where the gods had created the present era, including the fifth and present sun.
Was the Temple of Quetzalcoatl destroyed?
Construction of the first temple began sometime after 1325, and it was rebuilt six times. The temple was destroyed by the Spanish in 1521 to make way for the new Mexico City cathedral. The site is part of the Historic Center of Mexico City, which was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987.
How big is the Quetzalcoatl pyramid?
The largest pyramid, and the largest monument ever constructed, is the Quetzalcóatl Pyramid at Cholula de Rivadavia, 101 km (63 miles) south-east of Mexico City. It is 54 m (177 ft) tall, and its base covers an area of nearly 18.2 ha (45 acres).
Which God did the Teotihuacan worship?
Tlaloc and Quetzalcoatl are among the most important deities in Teotihuacán. Huehueteotl, the Old God, who was responsible for fire and was worshipped primarily in the private sphere. He was the patron saint of house and hearth.
Where is the Jaguar at Teotihuacan?
W2-0019: Jaguar blowing a conch The Palace of the Jaguars is located immediately to the west of the Plaza of the Moon at Teotihuacan. The most prominent mural is that of a jaguar blowing a feathered conch shell that drips with blood (fig. W2-0019 ).
What is the famous mural at Teotihuacan?
W2-0019: Jaguar blowing a conchThe Palace of the Jaguars is located immediately to the west of the Plaza of the Moon at Teotihuacan. The most prominent mural is that of a jaguar blowing a feathered conch shell that drips with blood (fig. W2-0019).
What is Teotihuacan temple of feathered serpent?
Teotihuacan – Temple of the Feathered Serpent – architectural detail to the right of the steps. In late 2003 a tunnel beneath the Temple of the Feathered Serpent was accidentally discovered by Sergio Gómez Chávez and Julie Gazzola, archeologists of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH).
What is the temple of the Jaguar in Chichen Itza?
The Temple of the Jaguar in Chichen Itza was built between the years 1000 and 1150. It takes its name from a sequence of jaguars located in front of the structure, it consists of different layers that are intricately carved and show different types of images.