Where are the Elburz mountains?
Elburz Mountains, also spelled Alborz, Albourz, Alburz, or Elburs, Persian Reshteh-ye Kūhhā-ye Alborz, major mountain range in northern Iran, 560 miles (900 km) long.
Why is the Elburz mountains important?
Elburz was important in Persian mythology as a remote resting place of heroes and gods. The abrupt south face of Mount Damavand (Demavend, or Dem Avend Kuh) towers over the city of Tehran. Other highest peaks are Alamkuh and Takht-i-Suleiman, both above 14,850 ft (4,500 m).
Which mountain range is also known as Elburz mountain range?
It covers 63,300 square kilometres (24,400 sq mi) and encompasses the southern and eastern slopes of the Alborz Mountains as well as their summits….
|Elburz Range forest steppe|
|Mount Damavand in the Alborz Mountains of Iran, the tallest mountain in the Middle East.|
|Map of ecoregion in Iran|
What type of mountain is Alborz?
Geology. The Alborz mountain range forms a barrier between the south Caspian and the Iranian plateau. It is only 60–130 km wide and consists of sedimentary series dating from Upper Devonian to Oligocene, prevalently Jurassic limestone over a granite core.
How were the Elburz mountains formed?
 The Alborz Mountains in the north of the Turkish-Iranian Plateau mainly developed in the Cenozoic as a consequence of the closure of Neo-Tethys and continental collision between Arabia and Eurasia.
What does Alborz mean?
the highest one
Alborz is a male name that means ‘the highest one’. It’s also the name of the mountain range that stretches from the Azerbaijan border and goes along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea all the way to the Khorasan province. Iran’s highest peak, Mount Damavand, is located in this range.
What mountains are north of Tehran?
Mount Tochal, located to the north of Tehran. Tochal (Persian: توچال Točāl), is a mountain and ski resort located on the Alborz mountain range, adjacent to the metropolitan area of Tehran in northern Iran. It includes a 12-kilometre-long (7.5 mi) ridge.
What are the mountains behind Tehran?
Is Karakoram Pass in India?
The Karakoram Pass (Chinese: 喀喇昆仑山口; Hindi: काराकोरम दर्रा; Urdu: درہ قراقرم; Uighur: قاراقۇرۇم ئېغىزى) is a 5,540 m or 18,176 ft mountain pass between India and China in the Karakoram Range….
|Karakoram Pass is located in northern Ladakh Show map of Ladakh Show map of Xinjiang Show all|
What does Iran mean in Farsi?
the land of Aryans
The modern Persian name of Iran (ایران) means “the land of Aryans”. It derives immediately from the 3rd-century Sasanian Middle Persian ērān (Pahlavi spelling: 𐭠𐭩𐭫𐭠𐭭, ʼyrʼn), where it initially meant “of the Iranians”, but soon also acquired a geographical connotation in the sense of “(lands inhabited by) Iranians”.