What you mean by apoptosis?
A type of cell death in which a series of molecular steps in a cell lead to its death. This is one method the body uses to get rid of unneeded or abnormal cells. The process of apoptosis may be blocked in cancer cells. Also called programmed cell death.
Is cancer an example of apoptosis?
Cancer is one of the scenarios where too little apoptosis occurs, resulting in malignant cells that will not die. The mechanism of apoptosis is complex and involves many pathways.
What are the two types of apoptosis?
The two main pathways of apoptosis are extrinsic and intrinsic as well as a perforin/granzyme pathway. Each requires specific triggering signals to begin an energy-dependent cascade of molecular events.
What is apoptosis in zoology?
Apoptosis is a form of programmed cell death, or “cellular suicide.” It is different from necrosis, in which cells die due to injury. Apoptosis removes cells during development, eliminates potentially cancerous and virus-infected cells, and maintains balance in the body.
What foods cause apoptosis?
Beta-carotene, a carotenoid in orange vegetables, induces apoptosis preferentially in various tumor cells from human prostate, colon, breast and leukemia. Many more examples of dietary substan- ces inducing apoptosis of cancer cells are available.
What are the examples of programmed cell death?
Apoptosis is the process of programmed cell death (PCD) that may occur in multicellular organisms. Biochemical events lead to characteristic cell changes (morphology) and death. These changes include blebbing, cell shrinkage, nuclear fragmentation, chromatin condensation, and chromosomal DNA fragmentation.
What is apoptosis in pregnancy?
Apoptosis, programmed cell death, is an essential feature of normal placental development but is exaggerated in association with placental disease. Placental development relies upon effective implantation and invasion of the maternal decidua by the placental trophoblast.
Is the P silent in apoptosis?
A common mistake is the mispronunciation of the word “apoptosis”; the correct pronunciation is with the second “p” silent (a-po-toe-sis) (2). Kerr, Wylie and Currie attribute the term apoptosis to Professor James Cormack who suggested the term.
What is apoptosis by BYJU’s?
“The term apoptosis can be defined as a natural biological process of programmed cell death in which the cells destroy themselves for maintaining the smooth functioning of the body.”