What were the economic impacts of the earthquake?
Effects of an earthquake
|Social impacts||Economic impacts|
|Long-term impacts||Disease may spread. People may have to be re-housed, sometimes in refugee camps.||The cost of rebuilding a settlement is high. Investment in the area may be focused only on repairing the damage caused by the earthquake. Income could be lost.|
What types of damages happened to structures in Bam Iran earthquake 2003?
This caused a significant problem for the local education system. Up to ninety percent of buildings and infrastructure in the Bam area were either damaged or destroyed, with 70% of houses being completely destroyed, plus 70–90% of Bam’s residential areas. This left an estimated 100,000 homeless.
What were the effects of the Bam earthquake?
The magnitude of this earthquake was 6.6 on the Richter scale, leaving 30,000 death, 30,000 injured, 60,000 homeless and damaging over 90% of the city’s infrastructures including medical and health facilities, causing l0 million tons of mud and rubbles (Abolghasemi et al.
What types of damages happened to structures in Bam earthquake?
Based on the reconnaissance visit by the authors, most common types of damaged buildings in the earthquake-affected area were non-engineered adobe, un-reinforced masonry houses and steel buildings.
What is a secondary effect of an earthquake?
Secondary effects may include subsidance, tsunamis, fires, contamination of water supplies, gas leaks, and power outages.
What is a secondary impact?
Secondary impact means indirect effects, which are caused by the action and are later in time or farther removed in distance, but are still reasonably foreseeable to the applicant or the Division.
How old is the city of Bam?
The ancient citadel of Arg-é Bam has a history dating back around 2,000 years ago, to the Parthian Empire (248 BC–224 AD), but most buildings were built during the Safavid dynasty. The city was largely abandoned due to an Afghan invasion in 1722.
How much did the Bam earthquake cost?
Bam earthquake damage estimated at $1.9 billion. An official in Housing and Urban Development Ministry said in Tehran on Wednesday the earthquake which devastated the ancient city of Bam last December is estimated to costs rls 15,000 billion ($1.9 billion), IRNA repored.
How many people were affected by the Bam earthquake?
The head of Iran’s Crisis Management Organization, Esmail Najjar has announced the 2003 Bam earthquake human toll after 17 years, putting the number of the deaths at 34,000 and more than 200,000 injured. On December 26, 2003, a 6.6 scale earthquake hit Kerman province where the historic city of Bam is located.
What were the casualties of the Bam earthquake?
What are the secondary effects?
Secondary effects means reasonably foreseeable indi- rect effects caused by an action or project later in time or farther removed in distance, including induced changes in the pattern of land use, population density, or growth rate and related effects on the human environment.
What are the secondary effects of earthquake Give 5 examples?
Although somewhere between 60 and 75% of economic losses as well as deaths have been due to shaking effects, between 25 and 40% of these impacts have been due to secondary effects in the form of tsunamis, landslides, liquefaction, fire, and other less common types.