What was the Red Army Russian Civil War?

What was the Red Army Russian Civil War?

Red Army, Russian Krasnaya Armiya, Soviet army created by the Communist government after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. On April 22, 1918, the Soviet government decreed compulsory military training for workers and peasants who did not employ hired labour, and this was the beginning of the Red Army.

Who led the Red Army in the Russian Civil War?

Vladimir Lenin
The two largest combatants were the Red Army, fighting for the Bolshevik form of socialism led by Vladimir Lenin, and the loosely allied forces known as the White Army, which included diverse interests favouring political monarchism, capitalism and social democracy, each with democratic and anti-democratic variants.

Who were called red in Russia?

Red Army and RKKA are abbreviations for ‘Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army’, the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. This organisation became the army of the Soviet Union since its establishment in 1922.

What did the Red Army want?

In 1942, during the Great Patriotic War (1941–1945) Joseph Stalin reintroduced the blocking policy and penal battalions with Order 227. The Red Army controlled by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic invaded and annexed non-Russian lands helping to create the Soviet Union.

Why was the Red Army so brutal?

The Red Armies officers, including Zhukov had to be brutal and harsh in order forge a functioning army out of the many poor conscripts of the Red Army. So, the answer is that the Red army was brutal because it’s soldiers were undisciplined.

Was the Red Army Strong?

The Red Army emerged from the war as the most powerful land army in history with five million soldiers, and more tanks and more artillery than all other countries taken together. Its name was changed to the Soviet Army.

What bad things did the Red Army do?

Red Army soldiers were known to rape girls and women aged 12 to 80, according to his research. It was the indiscriminate nature of the rapes that made them less clearly a case of revenge, said the historian, who found that Polish, Ukrainian and Belarus slave laborers were also raped.

What happened to the whites in 1918 in Russia?

On the Volga, Col. Kappel ‘s White detachment captured Kazan on 7 August, but the Reds re-captured the city on 8 September 1918 following a counteroffensive. On the 11th Simbirsk fell, and on 8 October Samara. The Whites fell back eastwards to Ufa and Orenburg.

What happened to the Red Army in 1920s Russia?

Soon the Red Army split the Don and Volunteer armies, forcing an evacuation in Novorossiysk in March and Crimea in November 1920. After that, anti-Bolshevik resistance was sporadic for several years until the collapse of the White Army in Yakutia in June 1923, but went on in Central Asia and Khabarovsk Krai until 1934.

What did the Red Army do in 1918 in Central Asia?

In February 1918 the Red Army overthrew the White Russian-supported Kokand autonomy of Turkestan. Although that move seemed to solidify Bolshevik power in Central Asia, more troubles soon arose for the Red Army as the Allied Forces began to intervene.

When did the Russian Civil War take place?

“The Russian Civil War, 1917–1921,” in The Military History of the Soviet Union. Swain, Geoffrey. The Origins of the Russian Civil War (2015) excerpt

Begin typing your search term above and press enter to search. Press ESC to cancel.

Back To Top