What viruses can cause elevated liver enzymes?

What viruses can cause elevated liver enzymes?


  • Alcoholic hepatitis (severe liver inflammation caused by excessive alcohol consumption)
  • Autoimmune hepatitis (liver inflammation caused by an autoimmune disorder)
  • Celiac disease (small intestine damage caused by gluten)
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection.
  • Epstein-Barr virus.

Can coronavirus cause elevated liver enzymes?

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), due to infection with the virus termed SARS-CoV-2, has complicated the evaluation of elevated liver enzymes. Elevated liver enzymes occur in a median of 15% [1] and up to 58% [2] of patients with COVID-19.

Can a viral infection cause liver problems?

Infection. Parasites and viruses can infect the liver, causing inflammation that reduces liver function. The viruses that cause liver damage can be spread through blood or semen, contaminated food or water, or close contact with a person who is infected.

What type of viral infections affect the liver?

The liver is involved in infections by hepatotropic viruses that replicate in the liver and for which the liver is the main target. These include hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and hepatitis E viruses.

Can a cold virus raise liver enzymes?

Viral infections. Many viruses can temporarily increase liver enzyme levels. These include rhinovirus (common cold) or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), the virus that causes mononucleosis (“Mono”).

Can viral meningitis cause elevated liver enzymes?

The white blood cell count is usually elevated, with a shift toward immature forms; however, severe infection can be associated with leukopenia. The platelet count may also be reduced. Leukopenia, elevated liver enzymes, and thrombocytopenia have correlated with a poor outcome in patients with bacterial meningitis.

Can COVID-19 affect your liver?

Some patients hospitalized for COVID-19 have had increased levels of liver enzymes — such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Increased levels of liver enzymes can mean that a person’s liver is at least temporarily damaged.

Does COVID-19 affect liver function tests?

8,35 One study found nearly half of patients with COVID-19 had abnormalities of certain liver tests, such as ALT, AST, total bilirubin, and gamma-glutamyl transferase, on admission to the hospital.

Can virus cause enlarged liver?

Infections. Infectious diseases, viral, bacterial or parasitic, can increase your risk of liver damage.

What are the 5 different hepatitis viruses?

Scientists have identified 5 unique hepatitis viruses, identified by the letters A, B, C, D, and E. While all cause liver disease, they vary in important ways. Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is present in the faeces of infected persons and is most often transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food.

What causes viral infection in liver?

Hepatitis A is caused by the hepatitis A virus. It’s usually caught by consuming food and drink contaminated with the poo of an infected person, and is most common in countries where sanitation is poor. Hepatitis A usually passes within a few months, although it can occasionally be severe and even life threatening.

Should I be worried about elevated liver enzymes?

If elevated abnormal liver enzymes are present, it could indicate liver damage, as these enzymes are normally only found within the liver. In most cases, liver enzyme levels are only mildly or temporarily elevated and don’t signal a serious liver problem.

What are risks associated with having elevated liver enzymes?

The disease is common and most individuals with the diagnosis show no signs or symptoms and have no complications. It is the most common cause of elevated liver enzymes. Risk factors for the development of NAFLD Non-Alcoholic fatty liver disease A condition in which fat accumulates in the liver in people who drink little or no alcohol. include obesity and type 2 diabetes .

What could be causing elevated liver enzyme levels?

There are many other causes of the abnormally elevated blood liver enzyme levels in addition to those mentioned above. Some of these conditions include: Wild mushroom poisoning. Wilson’s disease, due to excess buildup of copper in the liver. Metastatic cancer to the liver ( cancer spread from another organ to the liver).

What are the reasons for elevated liver enzymes?

Elevated liver enzymes often indicate inflammation or damage to cells in the liver. Inflamed or injured liver cells leak higher than normal amounts of certain chemicals, including liver enzymes, into the bloodstream, elevating liver enzymes on blood tests. The elevated liver enzymes most commonly found are: Alanine transaminase (ALT)

What causes mild elevation of liver enzymes?

One of the most common causes of mild to moderate elevations of these liver tests is a condition referred to as fatty liver (steatohepatitis or hepatic steatosis). In the United States, the most frequent cause of fatty liver is alcohol abuse. Other causes of fatty liver include diabetes mellitus and obesity.

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