What type of climate does India have west of the Western Ghats?

What type of climate does India have west of the Western Ghats?

tropical wet climate
1) The most humid is the tropical wet climate—also known as tropical monsoon climate—that covers a strip of southwestern lowlands abutting the Malabar Coast, the Western Ghats, and southern Assam. India’s two island territories, Lakshadweep and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, are also subject to this climate.

What is the climate like in the Western Ghats?

Climate in the Western Ghats varies with altitude and distance from the equator. The climate type is humid and tropical in the lower areas which are more mild considering how close these areas are to the sea.

Which part of Western Ghat is in rainshadow?

Rain-bearing winds that cause rain on the western slopes are blocked by the Western Ghats. The Western Ghats are located in the rain-fed zone of the south-western monsoon branch of the Arabian Sea, while the Eastern Ghats are located in the rain-shadow area of the south-western monsoon branch of the Arabian Sea.

What are rainshadow areas?

A rain shadow is a patch of land that has been forced to become a desert because mountain ranges blocked all plant-growing, rainy weather. On one side of the mountain, wet weather systems drop rain and snow. On the other side of the mountain—the rain shadow side—all that precipitation is blocked.

What type of climate India have?

Answer: Most of our India is a sub tropical country and that means very hot summers, humid rainy season and mild winters. In the hilly regions the summers are mild and the winters are cold. The monsoons affect most of India between June and August.

What are the types of climate in India?

In fact, there are four major and broad climatic conditions in India: Tropical wet. Tropical dry. Subtropical humid….

  • Tropical wet. Mainly found in regions with warm or high temperatures.
  • Tropical dry.
  • Subtropical humid.
  • Montane.

What is the climate of Eastern Ghats?

The Eastern ghats show a tropical monsoon climate. It receives rainfall from both South-West monsoon and North-East retreating monsoon. Mean annual rainfall distribution is above 1500 mm in Northern Eastern Ghats.

What type of rainfall occurs in hilly region of Western Ghats explain it?

Due to orographic rainfall, the western side of the western ghats receives heavy rainfall, more than 250cm rainfall per year.

Which type of rainfall is experienced by western slope of Western Ghats?

As the summer (wet) monsoons approach the West Coast of India, they rise up the western Ghats (mountains) and the air cools. This cool air is less able to hold moisture and it is released as rainfall. This is called OROGRAPHIC RAINFALL.

Why do western slopes of Western Ghats receive?

Why do the western slopes of the Western Ghats receive orographic rainfall? The Arabian Sea branch of the south-west monsoon collides against the western slopes of the Western Ghats. These moisture-laden winds cause heavy rainfall in this region. Thus, it is said that the Western Ghats receive orographic rainfall.

What is meant by rainshadow area ‘? Give an example and state the mountains which are responsible for the rainshadow area?

Answer: High mountains act as barriers for cold or hot winds; they may also cause precipitation if they are high enough and lie in the path of rain-bearing winds. The leeward side of the mountains remains dry. e.g. the eastern slope of the Western Ghats is the rain shadow area.

What is meant by rainshadow area give an example and state the mountains which are responsible?

A rain shadow area is an area of dry land that lies on the leeward side of a mountain. The leeward side of the mountains remains dry. The western ghats in India are an example of mountains causing rain shadow area.

What is the average rainfall in the Western Ghats?

The eastern region of the Western Ghats which lie in the rain shadow, receive far less rainfall averaging about 1,000 mm (40 in) bringing the average rainfall figure to 2,500 mm (150 in). Data from rainfall figures reveal that there is no relationship between the total amount of rain received and the spread of the area.

Which ecoregions are found in the Western Ghats?

The South Western Ghats montane rain forests are the most species-rich ecoregion in peninsular India; eighty percent of the flowering plant species of the entire Western Ghats range are found in this ecoregion. Dense rainforests cover the Western Ghats.

How do the Western Ghats influence Indian monsoons?

According to UNESCO, the Western Ghats are older than the Himalayas. They influence Indian monsoon weather patterns by intercepting the rain-laden monsoon winds that sweep in from the south-west during late summer.

What is the role of wind in the Western Ghats?

In the western Ghats wind pays a major role in governing the climate as it determines the alteration of seasons. In summer they bring large masses of water, the condensation of which cause the monsoon rains.

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