What sea linked Northern Europe to trade routes?

What sea linked Northern Europe to trade routes?

Mediterranean sea
The Mediterranean sea lanes connect the people, empires and civilizations of North Africa, Asia, and Europe through trade. Being that it is almost completely enclosed in land, the Mediterranean affects the vast amount of land it is surrounded by.

What did the European trade route connect?

The Silk Road is a name given to the many trade routes that connected Europe and the Mediterranean with the Asian world. The route is over 6,500 km long and got its name because the early Chinese traded silk along it.

What areas did the trade routes connect?

The Silk Road was an ancient trade route that linked the Western world with the Middle East and Asia.

What was traded on the Northern European trade route?

Northern Europeans traded wool cloth, grain, wine, and silver for silk, perfume, and spices from Asia. Goods from Asia passed through the Mediterranean, and so did the bubonic plague. Rats, fleas, and people spread the plague along trade routes.

What was traded on the Volga River?

The traders brought furs, honey, and slaves through territory held by Finnish and Permian tribes down to the land of the Volga Bulgars. In 9th and 10th centuries the river was also major trade route between Russians, Khazars and Volga Bulgars.

What was traded on the Western European sea and river trade?

Spices and silks from Asia; dyes from the Middle East; slaves from Eastern Europe; honey, lumber, and furs from Russia; grains and food products from across Eurasia – salts, lumber, minerals, and ivory all flowed through the lucrative markets of the Byzantine Empire.

Which ocean route connects India and Europe?

the Cape Route
The European-Asian sea route, commonly known as the sea route to India or the Cape Route, is a shipping route from the European coast of the Atlantic Ocean to Asia’s coast of the Indian Ocean passing by the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Agulhas at the southern edge of Africa.

What did trade routes do?

The trade routes served principally to transfer raw materials, foodstuffs, and luxury goods from areas with surpluses to others where they were in short supply. Some areas had a monopoly on certain materials or goods.

Why were sea trade routes so important?

Scarce commodities that were only available in certain locations, such as salt or spices, were the biggest driver of trade networks, but once established, these roads also facilitated cultural exchanges—including the spread of religion, ideas, knowledge, and sometimes even bacteria.

What did the Western European sea and river trade?

Where was the Northern European trade route located?

In the Middle Ages, the Volga trade route connected Northern Europe and Northwestern Russia with the Caspian Sea and the Sasanian Empire, via the Volga River. The Rus used this route to trade with Muslim countries on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea, sometimes penetrating as far as Baghdad.

Is the North Sea still an active trade route?

The North Sea continues to be an active trade route. The countries bordering the North Sea all claim the 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi) of territorial waters within which they have exclusive fishing rights. Today, the North Sea is more important as a fishery and source of fossil fuel and renewable energy,…

What are the trade routes of North Africa?

Across Northern Africa’s Mediterranean Coast, as well as the coasts of the Red Sea and Indian Ocean, Muslim merchants established trade colonies that were essentially massive international markets. After Islamic empires captured Constantinople in 1453 and ended the Byzantine Empire, all of those trade routes came under their control as well.

What were the European trade routes of 1200-1400?

European Trade Routes 1200-1400. It is a commercial group of merchant guilds and their markets in towns on the Northern coast of Europe. The main route that anyone trading with the League would take, starts in London, England. From there, they would go along the Northern coast of Germany. They would continue East,…

What were the dominant maritime trading empires of European history?

Let’s look at a few of the dominant maritime trading empires of European history. First we’ve got the Byzantine Empire, based out of Constantinople, today Istanbul, from roughly 330-1453 CE. The Byzantines were in an ideal location for trade, and sat in the middle of trade routes stretching from China to London.

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