What philosophers are determinists?

What philosophers are determinists?

Determinism was developed by the Greek philosophers during the 7th and 6th centuries BCE by the Pre-socratic philosophers Heraclitus and Leucippus, later Aristotle, and mainly by the Stoics.

Was Aristotle a determinist?

Alexander believed that Aristotle was not a strict determinist like the Stoics, and Alexander argued that some events do not have pre-determined causes. In particular, man is responsible for self-caused decisions, and can choose to do or not to do something, as Chrysippus argued.

What are the 3 widely accepted theories of determinism?

They are: logical determinism, theological determinism, psychological determinism, and physical determinism. Logical determinism maintains that the future is already fixed as unalterably as the past. Theological determinism argues that since God is omniscient, He knows everything, the future included.

Are pre determinism and determinism the same?

While determinism usually refers to a naturalistically explainable causality of events, predeterminism seems by definition to suggest a person or a “someone” who is controlling or planning the causality of events before they occur and who then perhaps resides beyond the natural, causal universe.

Does Aristotle believe in determinism?

Alexander drew a delineation between Aristotle and the Stoics, believing that Aristotle was not a strict determinist, as were the Stoics. He argued that man is responsible for self-caused decisions and that events do not always have predetermined causes.

Who supports determinism?

The other main supporters of determinism are those who adopt a biological perspective. However for them it is internal, not external, forces that are the determining factor. According to sociobiology evolution governs the behavior of a species and genetic inheritance that of each individual within it.

What did Socrates say about freewill?

So Socrates’ view on free will, believing that the unexamined life is not worth living, was the wisdom and will for self-control, which for him required reflection or a conscience, in other words, for socrates free will is impossible without self-control, for people without self control arent capable of free will …

Is Freud theory deterministic?

Freud’s theory of the unconscious, then, is highly deterministic—a fact which, given the nature of nineteenth century science, should not be surprising.

What is the difference between determinism and indeterminism?

Roughly speaking, determinism is the doctrine that all past, present, and future events – including all acts of the will and all occurrences in nature – are determined and cannot but take place in the way they take place. Indeterminism is the negation of determinism; to deny determinism is to affirm indeterminism.

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