What is Wheeler box grid?

What is Wheeler box grid?

The Wheeler box-grid method involves dividing an archaeological site into a series of orderly squares with uniform spaces – or balks – between them.

When was the box grid system invented?

The technique originates from the work of Mortimer Wheeler and Tessa Wheeler at Verulamium (1930–35), and was later refined by Kathleen Kenyon during her excavations at Jericho (1952–58). The Wheeler–Kenyon system involves digging within a series of squares that can vary in size set within a larger grid.

What is grid system in archaeology?

A grid is a design that breaks a section of ground into small squares. These squares are marked usually with rope and string. Each little square in the grid has to be carefully searched and measured. If something is found, archaeologists note how deep in the earth it was.

What is balk in archaeology?

Balk – A side wall of an excavated unit (square) or a partition of earth left standing between adjoining excavation units. Balks are often left to aid with stratigraphic analysis.

What is trench excavation?

A trench is a type of excavation or depression in the ground that is generally deeper than it is wide (as opposed to a wider gully, or ditch), and narrow compared with its length (as opposed to a simple hole or pit). In geotechnical engineering, trenches serve for locating faults and investigating deep soil properties.

Who made grid pattern?

Although the idea of the grid was present in Hellenic societal and city planning, it was not pervasive prior to the 5th century BC. However, it slowly gained primacy through the work of Hippodamus of Miletus, who planned and replanned many Greek cities in accordance with this form.

Who created grids?

Olden Days: The grid before “graphic design” In the 13th century, the architect Villard De Honnecourt came up with a famous diagram used for producing page layouts with margins of fixed ratios — what was considered a “harmonious” design.

What is a trench in archaeology?

In archaeology, the “trench method” is used for searching and excavating ancient ruins or to dig into strata of sedimented material. Trenches are usually considered temporary structures to be backfilled with soil after construction, or abandoned after use.

What are four 4 tools do archaeologist use in their work?

Shovels, trowels, spades, brushes, sieves, and buckets are some of the more obvious or common tools that an archaeologist may carry with them to most digs.

What is an ecofact in archaeology?

An ecofact, or biofact, is any organic material that has been recovered and has cultural Page 5 or historical significance. This might be bones, animal horns, plants, and so on. If the item has been manipulated or modified by humans, it becomes an artifact.

What is Cal BCE?

The designations cal BP, cal BCE, and cal CE (as well as cal BC and cal AD) all signify that the radiocarbon date mentioned has been calibrated to account for those wiggles; dates which have not been adjusted are designated as RCYBP or “radiocarbon years before the present.”

What is the Wheeler-Kenyon method?

The Wheeler -Kenyon method is a method of archaeological excavation. The technique draws its origins from the work of Mortimer Wheeler and Tessa Wheeler at Verulamium (1930–35), and was later refined by Kathleen Kenyon during her excavations at Jericho (1952–58).

What is Wheeler box grid excavation?

Kenyon introduced a new excavation technique in Palestine: the Wheeler box grid system, also known as the Wheeler-Kenyon method.

Who was Kathleen Kenyon?

Kathleen Mary Kenyon dared. In the 1950s, Kenyon, a British archaeologist, was teaching Levantine archaeology at University College, London. Before World War II she had excavated several sites in England and had worked at Samaria in Palestine.

What is Kenyon stratigraphy?

No longer intent on exposing complete buildings, Kenyon concentrated instead on the stratigraphy, or layers, that could be distinguished in the soil: floors, foundation trenches for walls, debris from the destruction of houses, and accumulation of litter on streets.

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