What is the suffix in Nephrolith?
Nephro-, as we’ve seen, means “kidney,” and -lith is a combining form meaning “stone.” So, a nephrolith literally translates to “kidney stone.”
What is the meaning of the medical term Nephromegaly?
[ nĕf′rō-mĕg′ə-lē ] n. Extreme hypertrophy of one or both kidneys.
What does Pyelopathy mean?
n. Plastic or reconstructive surgery of the pelvis of the kidney to correct an obstruction.
What causes Nephromegaly?
Nephromegaly in infancy may be due to several causes, being the most relevant: renal polycystic autosomic recessive disease, venous renal thrombosis, deposit diseases, kidney tumors, nephrotic congenital syndrome and neoplastic infiltration.
How do you treat enlarged kidneys?
Hydronephrosis is usually treated by addressing the underlying disease or cause, such as a kidney stone or infection. Some cases can be resolved without surgery. Infections can be treated with antibiotics. A kidney stone can pass through by itself or might be severe enough to require removal with surgery.
Is a calculus a kidney stone?
Calculus, renal: A stone in the kidney (or lower down in the urinary tract). Also called a kidney stone. The stones themselves are called renal caluli. The word “calculus” (plural: calculi) is the Latin word for pebble.
Is calculi a kidney stone?
Kidney stones (also called renal calculi, nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis) are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. Diet, excess body weight, some medical conditions, and certain supplements and medications are among the many causes of kidney stones.
What is the ureteropelvic junction?
Ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction is a blockage in the area that connects the renal pelvis (part of the kidney) to one of the tubes (ureters) that move urine to the bladder. It generally occurs when a baby is still growing in the womb.
How painful is a pyeloplasty?
Is a pyeloplasty painful? You or your child may feel some pain after pyeloplasty. The pain may go away after a week and you or your child will be given medications to help minimize this pain.
How is Nephromegaly treated?
Treatment may include:
- Placing a stent (tube) through the bladder and ureter to allow urine to flow from the kidney into the bladder.
- Placing a tube into the kidney through the skin, to allow the blocked urine to drain out of the body into a drainage bag.
- Antibiotics for infections.
What left hydronephrosis?
Hydronephrosis is the swelling of a kidney due to a build-up of urine. It happens when urine cannot drain out from the kidney to the bladder from a blockage or obstruction. Hydronephrosis can occur in one or both kidneys. The main function of the urinary tract is to remove wastes and fluid from the body.