What is the major constituent of nutmeg?
Essential oil The principal constituents of the spices nutmeg and mace are steam volatile oil (essential oil), fixed (fatty) oil, proteins, cellulose, pentosans, starch, resin and mineral elements.
What are the hazards of nutmeg?
Long-term use of nutmeg in doses of 120 mg or more daily has been linked to hallucinations and other mental side effects. People who have taken larger doses of nutmeg have experienced nausea, dry mouth, dizziness, irregular heartbeat, agitation and hallucinations.
What is myristicin found in?
Myristicin is present in nutmeg, mace, black pepper, parsley, celery, dill, and carrots. Myristicin may play as a weak monoamine oxidase inhibitor. However, nutmeg and mace induce greater narcotic and psychotomimetic activity than an equivalent amount of myristicin or elemicin, also a component of nutmeg.
How is nutmeg a narcotic?
Both nutmeg and mace contain the active ingredient myristicin which possesses narcotic properties. Nutmeg butter contains elemicin and myristicin which are also narcotic and cause psychotropic effects. Ingestion in large quantities produces narcosis, delirium, drowsiness, epileptic convulsions and even death.
Which part of plant is used as drug in case of nutmeg?
Nutmeg is derived from the seed of Myristica fragrans, and the spice, mace, is derived from the seed coat. Current uses of the plant include the treatment of gastrointestinal disturbances, such as cramps, flatulence, and diarrhea. It has been investigated as an antidiarrheal medication in calves.
Is myristicin toxic?
Minimum dosage of nutmeg that can cause psychogenic effect is 5 g (ground nutmeg) with 1 to 2 mg myristicin content and this dosage is considered as ‘toxic dose’. At higher dosage of myristicin death may occur. Additionally, Myristicin poisoning can lead to many health problems that related to brain problem.
What does myristicin metabolize into?
Myristicin is also a precursor for substituted amphetamine derivative compounds structurally related to MDMA; it is believed to be metabolized into MMDA in the body to produce hallucinogenic effects, and can be converted to MMDMA in controlled chemical synthesis.
What drug is made from nutmeg?
Nutmeg contains myristicin, a natural compound that has mind-altering effects if ingested in large doses. The buzz can last one to two days and can be hallucinogenic, much like LSD.
Is Khas Khas Haram?
Khas khas (poppy seeds) A commonly used ingredient in India and obtained from opium poppy, the kidney-shaped seeds spell offence in UAE, and its possession can even lead to death penalty. Poppy seeds are prohibited even in bakery products.