## What is the fundamental weakness of a quasi-experimental design?

The fundamental weakness of the quasi-experimental design is the fact that test groups are not equivalent and therefore limits the generalizability of the study results. This reduces internal validity and the conclusions related to causality are not as absolute.

## What are repeated measures in statistics?

Repeated measures design is a research design that involves multiple measures of the same variable taken on the same or matched subjects either under different conditions or over two or more time periods. For instance, repeated measurements are collected in a longitudinal study in which change over time is assessed.

## How many conditions are in a 2×2 factorial design?

4 conditions

## Why is repeated measures Anova more powerful?

More statistical power: Repeated measures designs can be very powerful because they control for factors that cause variability between subjects. Fewer subjects: Thanks to the greater statistical power, a repeated measures design can use fewer subjects to detect a desired effect size.

## What does repeated measures Anova tell you?

All ANOVAs compare one or more mean scores with each other; they are tests for the difference in mean scores. The repeated measures ANOVA compares means across one or more variables that are based on repeated observations. A repeated measures ANOVA model can also include zero or more independent variables.

## How many conditions are in a 3×3 factorial design?

A 3×3 Factorial design (3 factors each at 3 levels) is shown below. .

## What is repeated measures design psychology?

Repeated Measures design is an experimental design where the same participants take part in each condition of the independent variable. This means that each condition of the experiment includes the same group of participants. Repeated Measures design is also known as within groups, or within-subjects design.

## What is the difference between a one-way Anova and a repeated measures Anova?

A repeated measures ANOVA is almost the same as one-way ANOVA, with one main difference: you test related groups, not independent ones. It’s called Repeated Measures because the same group of participants is being measured over and over again. Repeated measures ANOVA is similar to a simple multivariate design.

## What is a weakness of a quasi-experiment?

The greatest disadvantage of quasi-experimental studies is that randomization is not used, limiting the study’s ability to conclude a causal association between an intervention and an outcome.

## What is a 2 by 2 factorial design?

The 2 x 2 factorial design calls for randomizing each participant to treatment A or B to address one question and further assignment at random within each group to treatment C or D to examine a second issue, permitting the simultaneous test of two different hypotheses.

## What is a 2×2 repeated measures Anova?

For Two-Way Repeated Measures ANOVA, “Two-way” means that there are two factors in the experiment, for example, different treatments and different conditions. “Repeated-measures” means that the same subject received more than one treatment and/or more than one condition.

## How do you identify a quasi-experimental design?

Like a true experiment, a quasi-experimental design aims to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between an independent and dependent variable. However, unlike a true experiment, a quasi-experiment does not rely on random assignment. Instead, subjects are assigned to groups based on non-random criteria.

## What is reliability in testing?

Reliability refers to how dependably or consistently a test measures a characteristic. If a person takes the test again, will he or she get a similar test score, or a much different score? A test that yields similar scores for a person who repeats the test is said to measure a characteristic reliably.

## How do you assess reliability?

These four methods are the most common ways of measuring reliability for any empirical method or metric.

- Inter-Rater Reliability.
- Test-Retest Reliability.
- Parallel Forms Reliability.
- Internal Consistency Reliability.

## When would you use a repeated measures Anova?

When to use a Repeated Measures ANOVA Studies that investigate either (1) changes in mean scores over three or more time points, or (2) differences in mean scores under three or more different conditions.