What is synovial joint in biology?

What is synovial joint in biology?

A synovial joint is the type of joint found between bones that move against each other, such as the joints of the limbs (e.g. shoulder, hip, elbow and knee). A synovial joint is made up of: cartilage – a smooth gristly material that covers the surface of the bones.

What are synovial joints?

Synovial joints are the most common type of joint in the body (see image 1). The joint cavity contains synovial fluid, secreted by the synovial membrane (synovium), which lines the articular capsule. This fluid-filled space is the site at which the articulating surfaces of the bones contact each other.

What is synovial joint and its function?

A synovial joint, also known as a diarthrosis, is the most common and most movable type of joint in a mammal’s body. This articular cartilage functions to absorb shock and reduce friction during movement.

What are the example of synovial joint?


Name Example
Plane joints (or gliding joint) carpals of the wrist, acromioclavicular joint
Hinge joints elbow (between the humerus and the ulna)
Pivot joints atlanto-axial joint, proximal radioulnar joint, and distal radioulnar joint
Condyloid joints (or ellipsoidal joints) wrist joint (radiocarpal joint)

What is the function of synovial fluid?

Synovial fluid, also known as joint fluid, is a thick liquid located between your joints. The fluid cushions the ends of bones and reduces friction when you move your joints.

What is a synovial joint quizlet?

Synovial joints. have a small synovial cavity between the two bones that permits a greater amount of movement than fibrous or cartilaginous joints. Majority of the joints in the human body. Dense fibrous connective tissue. found on the exterior of the joint; holds the bones together.

What are the 7 synovial joints?

Planar, hinge, pivot, condyloid, saddle, and ball-and-socket are all types of synovial joints.

How is a synovial joint formed?

Where the bones meet to form a synovial joint, the bones’ surfaces are covered with a thin layer of strong, smooth articular cartilage. A very thin layer of slippery, viscous joint fluid, called synovial fluid, separates and lubricates the two cartilage-covered bone surfaces.

What is the role of synovial fluid?

What is joint bone?

A joint is the part of the body where two or more bones meet to allow movement. Every bone in the body – except for the hyoid bone in the throat – meets up with at least one other bone at a joint. The shape of a joint depends on its function. A joint is also known as an articulation.

What are the main features of synovial joints?

Synovial joints are characterized by the presence of an articular cavity filled with synovial fluid surrounded by a joint capsule. In this type of joint, bones can perform larger movements, in part, because joint surfaces are coated with hyaline cartilage.

What is in joint fluid?

Structure. The inner membrane of synovial joints is called the synovial membrane and secretes synovial fluid into the joint cavity. Synovial fluid is an ultrafiltrate from plasma, and contains proteins derived from the blood plasma and proteins that are produced by cells within the joint tissues.

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