What is one criticism of the multi-store model of memory?
The multi-store model of memory has been criticised for placing too much emphasis on the role of rehearsal. Whilst rehearsal is important in moving information from short-term memory to long-term memory, it is not the only way information moves between the stores.
What is a limitation of the multi store memory model?
Limitations of the MSM The model does not explain why some things may be learned with a minimal amount of rehearsal. For example, once bitten by a dog, that memory is quite vivid in spite of the lack of rehearsal. There are several times that we rehearse a lot to remember material and it is not transferred to LTM.
What are the weaknesses of the multi-store model?
Weaknesses. The model is oversimplified, in particular when it suggests that both short-term and long-term memory each operate in a single, uniform fashion. We now know is this not the case. It has now become apparent that both short-term and long-term memory are more complicated that previously thought.
What are the criticism of Atkinson theory?
The model has been further criticized as suggesting that rehearsal is the key process which initiates and facilitates transfer of information into LTM. There is very little evidence supporting this hypothesis, and long-term recall can in fact be better predicted by a levels-of-processing framework.
What are some criticisms of memory experiments?
Many experiments designed to investigate memory have been criticized for having low ecological validity. First, the laboratory is an artificial situation. People are removed from their normal social settings and asked to take part in a psychological experiment.
How does Peterson and Peterson support MSM?
Peterson & Peterson concluded that short-term memory has a limited duration of approximately 18 seconds. Furthermore, the results show that if we are unable to rehearse information, it will not be passed to long-term memory, providing further support for the multi-store model and the idea of discrete components.
How does Clive Wearing support MSM?
Support for the MSM comes from the case study of Clive Wearing, who contracted a virus that caused severe amnesia (memory loss). Following the virus, Wearing could only remember information for 20‐ 30 seconds; however, he was able to recall information from his past, for example his wife’s name.
Why is the working memory model better than the multi-store model?
The working memory model explains a lot more than the multistore model. It makes sense of a range of tasks – verbal reasoning, comprehension, reading, problem-solving and visual and spatial processing. And the model is supported by considerable experimental evidence.
Why the modal model of memory is wrong?
Their model has stimulated 50 years of memory research and, like every model, has also received several criticisms. It has been argued that a single short-term store in charge of both maintaining memory items and processing other cognitive tasks is not plausible. Working memory: Loss and reconstruction.
What was criticized about the Atkinson Shiffrin three stage model of memory?
The model has been criticised as being too rigid, linear and ignoring the different types of presented memories and has indeed been supplanted by other models and more recently dynamic descriptions of memory that rely less on information processing models.
Why are memory studies Criticised for being unrealistic?
Suggested Answer: Memory studies are criticised for being unrealistic because they often take place in laboratory settings and because the stimuli used (e.g. recalling trigrams, words, etc.) are often artificial.
How does the case of Clive Wearing support the multi-store model of memory?
Clive Wearing is a case study that demonstrates the multi-store model of memory. This case study demonstrates how the Short-term memory and long term memory are different stores as one store is more impaired than the other illustrating that these therefore must be independent of one another.