What is environmental impact assessment in Nigeria?
It is an instrument by which we identify and assess the potential environmental, social and health impacts of a proposed project, evaluate alternatives, and design appropriate environmental and social management plans during the life-cycle of the project.
How do I write an environmental impact assessment report?
How to conduct an EIA Report?
- Proponent details and Index.
- Executive Summary of the EIA.
- Project description and alternatives.
- Legal considerations and environmental regulations applicable.
- Description of the physical environment.
- Description of the biological environment.
- Description of the socio-economic environment.
Where can I find EIA reports?
You can download the EIA report from the MoEF website (http://moef.nic.in/) if the project got/recommended for the clearance. Or you can get it from the District/State pollution control board through RTI or may be directly.
What are the types of environmental assessments?
The different types of environmental assessment today include: The 5 major types of environmental assessment includes;
- State of the environment (SOE)
- Integrated Environmental Assessment and reporting (IEA)
- Environmental impact assessment (EIA)
- Corporate environmental assessment and reporting.
What are the steps of environmental impact assessment?
Stages of the EIA process
- Screening. Deciding if an EIA is required.
- Scoping. Deciding what needs to be covered in the assessment and reported in the ‘EIA Report’
- Preparing the EIA Report.
- Making an application and consultation.
- Decision making.
- Post decision.
Who prepare an EIA?
Preparation of EIA is done by consultants. Therefore, the selection criterion for the organisation is fees/cost rather than the expertise of EIA team. Two tier of EIA review, One conducted after the completion of EIA to check the adequacy and effectiveness of EIA and the second done before decision-making.
Who writes an EIA report?
Usually, the proponent is responsible for the preparation of the EIA report. The information contained in the report should meet the terms of reference established at the scoping stage of the EIA process (see Topic 5 – Scoping).
Is EIA only for developed countries?
At the beginning the practice of EIA was primarily confined to developed countries but it became increasingly familiar to people in the developing regions due to the active role of national and international organizations and media.
What is the difference between EIA and IEE?
An IEE is required to determine whether significant environmental impacts warranting an EIA are likely. If an EIA is not needed, the IEE is regarded as the final environmental assessment report. Category C: Projects are unlikely to have adverse environmental impacts.
What is an example of environmental assessment?
An environmental assessment typically first involves an overview of the project. This phase, which is called a screening, helps identify areas of concern and parts of the project that warrant more in-depth analysis. For example, a screen of a construction project may reveal a proposed watercourse modification.
Environmental Impact Assessment Reports. In Nigeria, we complete Environmental, Social and Health Impact Assessments (EIAs) for all our development projects, in accordance with Nigerian Law. The aim is to reduce the environmental and social impact of our activities as much as possible and look for benefits for affected communities.
What is Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)?
The aim is to reduce the environmental and social impact of our activities as much as possible and look for benefits for affected communities. Our EIA reports stipulate how we manage the impact and benefit to the environment and society.
What is environmental impact assessment in sociology?
THEORETICAL LITERATURE REVIEW Environmental Impact Assessment is a tool that has become accepted as an elemental part of sound decision-making. The history of the inception of EIA systems begins following the 1969 United States National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).
How many EIA systems are there in Nigeria?
Nigeria has three autonomous EIA systems, the Petroleum Act (1969), the EIA Decree 86 (1992), and the Town and Country Planning Decree 88 (1992).