What is an important teaching for the patient taking fluoroquinolones?
Tips for Taking Your Medicine If you take enoxacin, norfloxacin, or ofloxacin, take it on an empty stomach — at least 30 minutes before or 2 hours after eating. If you take 2 or more doses a day, take them at evenly spaced times, day and night. This keeps an even amount of medicine in your blood.
What are the nursing considerations for antibiotics?
In relation to antibiotics, nurses are recommended to be active in antibiotic stewardship that ensures proper management of antibiotics to minimize antibiotic resistance. Some of the roles of nurses include administering antibiotics, monitoring its effectiveness and educating the patient.
What are some side effects the nurse will watch for if a patient is taking fluoroquinolones?
Common side effects of fluoroquinolones include nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain or discomfort, and trouble sleeping.
What are the nursing implications of aminoglycosides?
Nurses should monitor the patient receiving aminoglycosides for signs of decreased renal function such as declining urine output and increasing blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and declining glomerular filtration rate (GFR).
How fluoroquinolones affect and destroy bacteria?
A fluoroquinolone is an antibiotic that destroys bacteria by interfering with its DNA replication. Early generation fluoroquinolones hamper bacterial DNA synthesis during replication primarily by inhibiting DNA gyrase, one enzyme required for bacterial (but not human) DNA replication.
What is the nursing implications for amoxicillin?
Monitor signs of allergic reactions and anaphylaxis, including pulmonary symptoms (tightness in the throat and chest, wheezing, cough dyspnea) or skin reactions (rash, pruritus, urticaria). Notify physician or nursing staff immediately if these reactions occur.
How does fluoroquinolones affect and destroy bacteria?
What are fluoroquinolones examples?
FDA-approved fluoroquinolones include levofloxacin (Levaquin), ciprofloxacin (Cipro), ciprofloxacin extended-release tablets, moxifloxacin (Avelox), ofloxacin, gemifloxacin (Factive) and delafloxacin (Baxdela).
What are fluoroquinolones used for?
Indications: Fluoroquinolones may be used to treat pneumonia or complicated skin or urinary tract infections. Mechanism of Action: Fluoroquinolones are a synthetic antibacterial medication that work by inhibiting the bacterial DNA replication. They are bacteriocidal due to the action they take against the DNA of the bacterial cell wall.
What bacteria do fluoroquinolones kill?
Fluoroquinolones are active against a wide range of aerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. Gram-positive coverage includes penicillinase- and non-penicillinase producing Staphylococci, Streptococcus pneumoniae and viridans, Enterococcus faecalis, Listeria monocytogenes, and Nocardia species.
What are the patient education guidelines for fluoroquinolone therapy?
Patient Teaching & Education: All patients on fluoroquinolone therapy should be instructed to avoid direct and indirect sunlight due to the photosensitivity that can be experienced while on these medications. The patient should take measures to ensure that dosages are spaced evenly throughout the day and that fluid balance is maintained.
What is the mechanism of action of fluoroquinolone chelation?
The mechanism involves chelation by the drug of magnesium which is essential for development of cartilage mostly in young and growing animals. Magnesium chelation leads to its deficiency causing loss of proteoglycans in the cartilage. High dose of fluoroquinolones have shown to cause ocular problems from drug induced changes in the retina.