What is a closed fracture of distal phalanx?

What is a closed fracture of distal phalanx?

Distal Phalanx Fractures The distal phalanx is the most commonly fractured bone of the hand. 5 The mechanism of fracture is usually a crush injury. On clinical examination, the fingertip is swollen and painful. Extensive soft tissue damage to the finger pulp with associated nail bed laceration may occur.

What is a phalanx fracture?

A phalanx is any bone of the fingers or toes. A phalanx fracture is a crack or complete break in one of these bones. A phalanx fracture can happen when your finger or toe is hit, pulled, jammed, crushed, or twisted. It is also possible for a tumor or cyst to weaken the bone, causing it to break easily when injured.

How is a phalanx fracture treated?

Middle phalanx fracture – undisplaced Your fracture will be treated with splinting, taping or casting (or a combination of all three). Generally a cast is only used for treating middle phalangeal fractures if the patient is a child or someone who will not be able to manage with a splint.

Does a proximal phalanx fracture need surgery?

If your proximal phalanx fracture is stable and undisplaced (ie the fragments are still in their normal position) it is unlikely that you will need surgery. Your fracture can be treated with splinting, taping or casting (or a combination of all three of these).

What is a closed fracture?

When a fracture happens, it’s classified as either open or closed: Open fracture (also called compound fracture): The bone pokes through the skin and can be seen, or a deep wound exposes the bone through the skin. Closed fracture (also called simple fracture). The bone is broken, but the skin is intact.

How long does a fractured finger tip take to heal?

Breaks in the bones of the finger usually heal well in about 3 to 4 weeks. The pain and swelling from a broken finger can last for weeks. But it should steadily improve, starting a few days after you break it.

What is the difference between phalanx and phalanges?

“Phalanges” is the plural form of phalanx. In anatomy, it refers collectively to the digital (finger and toe) bones in the hands and feet. There are 56 phalanx bones in the human body. The big toe (known as the hallux) and the thumb each have two phalanges, while the other fingers and toes each have three.

How would a stable closed nondisplaced fracture of a phalanx be treated?

Fractures of the proximal phalanx Dynamic splinting is the treatment of choice for nondisplaced fractures. Fractures of the shaft usually result in volar angulation, because the intrinsic tendons pass obliquely from a proximal volar to a distal dorsal direction.

What is a closed fracture proximal phalanx toe?

The proximal phalanx is the toe bone that is closest to the metatarsals. Because it is the longest of the toe bones, it is the most likely to fracture. A fractured toe may become swollen, tender and discolored. If the bone is out of place, your toe will appear deformed.

How do you treat closed fracture?

Take these actions immediately while waiting for medical help:

  1. Stop any bleeding. Apply pressure to the wound with a sterile bandage, a clean cloth or a clean piece of clothing.
  2. Immobilize the injured area.
  3. Apply ice packs to limit swelling and help relieve pain.
  4. Treat for shock.

What is another name for a closed fracture?

Closed fracture (also called simple fracture). The bone is broken, but the skin is intact.

What is an intertrochanteric fracture?

An intertrochanteric fracture is a type of hip fracture or broken hip. The hip is made up of two bones—the femur, or “thigh bone,” and the pelvis, or “socket.”

What is the Boyd and Griffin classification of intertrochanteric fractures?

The Boyd and Griffin classification is based on the involvement of subtrochanteric region: type I linear intertrochanteric. type II with comminution of trochanteric region. type III with comminution associated with the subtrochanteric component. type IV oblique fracture of the shaft with extension into the subtrochanteric region.

What is the fielding classification of Subtrochanteric fractures?

The Fielding classification of subtrochanteric fractures is based on the level of the subtrochanteric region through which the fracture extends: The Zickel classification (modified from Fielding) of subtrochanteric fractures takes into consideration the level and obliquity of the fracture line as well as the presence or absence of comminution.

Where is the intertrochanteric aspect of the femur located?

The intertrochanteric aspect of the femur is located between the greater and lesser trochanters and is composed of dense trabecular bone. The greater trochanter serves as an insertion site for the gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, obturator internus, piriformis, and site of origin for the vastus lateralis.

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