What did Rumsfeld say about knowns and unknowns?
Rumsfeld stated: Reports that say that something hasn’t happened are always interesting to me, because as we know, there are known knowns; there are things we know we know. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know.
What is Donald Rumsfeld known for?
Donald Henry Rumsfeld (July 9, 1932 – June 29, 2021) was an American politician, government official and businessman who served as secretary of defense from 1975 to 1977 under president Gerald Ford, and again from 2001 to 2006 under President George W. Bush. He was both the youngest and the oldest secretary of defense.
Who said dont know what you dont know?
There are things we don’t know we don’t know.” The last quote is a classic by Donald Rumsfeld. Donald Rumsfeld coined this phrase in response to questions about whether terrorism intelligence. There are too many unknowns, too many factors that we may not have yet considered.
What you know what you don’t know and what you don’t know you don’t know quote?
Donald Rumsfeld Quotes There are known unknowns. That is to say, there are things that we know we don’t know. But there are also unknown unknowns. There are things we don’t know we don’t know.
What is known unknown matrix?
The Known Unknown Framework. The known unknown framework is a matrix that helps classify risks based on the knowledge that we have about them. This framework is unique in the sense that it acknowledges that there are some risks that we cannot find out about no matter how diligent we are.
Is a statement about the unknown made on the basis of known?
Inference: This is a logical conclusion usually based on facts. They are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known.
What was Donald Rumsfeld cause of death?
Donald Rumsfeld/Cause of death
Is Rumsfeld still living?
Donald Rumsfeld/Living or Deceased
What is known Cannot be unknown?
“For once a thing is known, it can never be unknown. It can only be forgotten.”
What is it called when you know what you don’t know?
By definition, metacognition refers to the ability to assess your knowledge on a topic and understand what exactly you know and what you don’t understand. When someone is trying to learn a new concept, there are four possible places they can cognitively be.
Why is it wise to know that you do not know?
There’s a great power in knowing what you don’t know. When we accept our ignorance and limitations, we become wiser. There’s an important kind of wisdom in knowing what you don’t know. Too often we fall into the delusion of thinking we know a lot more than we really do, commonly known as “illusory superiority.”