What deficiency causes melasma?
Abstract: Background — Melasma is a chronic acquired localized hypermelanosis, causing aesthetic problem for women and impairing their quality of life. Evidence has suggested that hyperpigmentation can occur as a result of iron deficiency anemia and vitamin B12 deficiency.
How do I get rid of melasma?
Doctors often use hydroquinone as the first line of treatment for melasma. Hydroquinone is available as a lotion, cream, or gel. A person can apply the hydroquinone product directly to the patches of skin that are discolored. Hydroquinone is available over the counter, but a doctor can also prescribe stronger creams.
What is the main cause of melasma?
What causes melasma? Sun exposure: Ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun stimulates the melanocytes. A change in hormones: Pregnant women often get melasma. Skin care products: If a product irritates your skin, melasma can worsen.
What is the most effective treatment for melasma?
Triple combination cream (hydroquinone, tretinoin, and corticosteroid) remains the most effective treatment for melasma, as well as hydroquinone alone. Chemical peels and laser- and light-based devices have mixed results. Oral tranexamic acid is a promising new treatment for moderate and severe recurrent melasma.
Is melasma linked to liver?
Risk Factors for Developing Melasma Malnutrition may be a contributing factors because melasma is often found in people with abnormal liver function and vitamin B12 deficiency. Cosmetics containing hydroquinone may cause dark patches, like melasma.
What food makes melasma worse?
Fried foods: Fried anything, including fast food, because the oil and chemicals in the food contribute to poor skin. Alcohol: Alcohol naturally dehydrates your cells, including your skin cells, making your skin dry and exposed to sun exposure.
Is there a permanent cure for melasma?
Can melasma be cured? No, at present there is no cure for melasma, but there are several treatment options that may improve the appearance. If melasma occurs during pregnancy, it may go away a few months after delivery and treatment may not be necessary- though it may come back during another pregnancy.
Which fruit is good for melasma?
Eat foods that contain vitamin C and E. These antioxidant nutrients help repair sun damage to the skin that can cause melasma. These vitamins are found in foods such as citrus fruits, kiwis, nuts, almonds, brightly colored vegetables and in fish.
How to cure melasma permanently?
Unfortunately, there is not a permanent cure for melasma. Melasma can be held under control by limiting exacerbating factors such as UV light exposure and hormonal changes.
Is it melasma or hyperpigmentation?
Melasma is in a league of its own. Melasma is a form of hyperpigmentation that’s more commonly seen in women (especially in those with darker skin tones) and is thought to be triggered by UV exposure, as well as hormonal influences. The latter is what distinguishes it from traditional hyperpigmentation and makes it tougher to treat.
How to deal with hyperpigmentation and dark spots?
Hyperpigmentation, Dark Spots and Uneven Skin Tone Treatment Options Hydroquinone. Hydroquinone has been used for several years to treat hyperpigmentation and dark spots and even freckles by limiting excess melanin production in the skin by melanocytes. Glycolic Acid. Vitamin C. Retinoids. Alpha Arbutin. Azelaic Acid. Tranexamic Acid. Kojic Acid. Dermatological Treatments for Hyperpigmentation.
What causes skin hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation can be triggered by overexposure to the sun, skin trauma or injury such as acne, hormonal imbalances, birth control pills, pregnancy, certain diseases or even a photoxic reaction to perfumed items. The manufacture of melanin is largely influenced by the body’s endocrine system.