What damage was caused by the 2011 Christchurch earthquake?
The Christchurch earthquake caused extensive damage to infrastructure and buildings. Multiple buildings collapsed, and the city was impacted by burst water mains, flooding, liquefaction and power outages. The port was damaged, and many roads cracked.
How did the 2011 Christchurch earthquake affect the economy?
Economic activity in Canterbury fell significantly in the immediate aftermath of both earthquakes as people stayed at home and businesses did not open. Business and consumer confidence declined sharply, including the confidence of those outside Canterbury less directly affected, further dampening economic activity.
Why was the 2011 earthquake so destructive?
Although nearly all of the deaths and much of the destruction was caused by the tsunami waves along Japan’s Pacific coastline, the earthquake was responsible for considerable damage over a wide area.
What fault line is Christchurch on?
The Christchurch Fault is an active seismic fault running under the city of Christchurch in the middle of New Zealand’s South Island. It runs from an area close to Riccarton, under the Central City, through the eastern suburbs off the coast of New Brighton.
What are the secondary effects of the Christchurch earthquake?
The secondary effects included: 2200 people had to live in temporary housing. five Rugby World Cup matches were cancelled. schools were closed for two weeks.
How much damage was caused by the Christchurch earthquake?
While the initial quake only lasted for approximately 10 seconds, the damage was severe because of the location and shallowness of the earthquake’s focus in relation to Christchurch as well as previous quake damage….2011 Christchurch earthquake.
|Damaged Catholic cathedral two months on|
|Casualties||185 deaths 1,500–2,000 injuries, 164 serious|
What is liquefaction Christchurch?
Liquefaction is a natural process where earthquake shaking increases the water pressure in the ground in some types of soil, resulting in temporary loss of soil strength. Liquefaction can cause significant damage to land, buildings, infrastructure and the environment, as well as economic and social disruption.
How far inland did the 2011 tsunami go?
The earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves that may have reached heights of up to 40.5 meters (133 ft) in Miyako in Tōhoku’s Iwate Prefecture, and which, in the Sendai area, traveled at 700 km/h (435 mph) and up to 10 km (6 mi) inland.
Has Japan recovered from the 2011 earthquake and tsunami?
TOKYO (AP) — Ten years after a massive earthquake and tsunami devastated Japan’s northeastern coast, triggering meltdowns at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, much has been achieved in disaster-hit areas but they are still recovering. The magnitude 9.0 earthquake was one of the strongest temblors on record.
Why does Christchurch have so many earthquakes?
Earthquakes occur frequently in New Zealand as the country is situated in the collision zone between the Indo-Australian and Pacific tectonic plates, part of the Pacific Basin Ring of Fire, where many earthquakes and volcanoes occur.
When was the last time Christchurch had an earthquake?
February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. Dust clouds above central Christchurch, 22 February 2011. At 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011, the Canterbury region was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. At the time it was still recovering from the effects of a 7.1-magnitude earthquake on 4 September 2010.
What happened on 22 February 2011 in Christchurch?
Dust clouds above central Christchurch, 22 February 2011. At 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011, the Canterbury region was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. At the time it was still recovering from the effects of a 7.1-magnitude earthquake on 4 September 2010.
How many houses will need to be rebuilt after the Christchurch earthquake?
Bigpond News, ‘Christchurch Earthquake Factsheet,’ 3 February 2011, accessed 9 March 2011. Government of New Zealand, ‘Around 10,000 houses will need to be rebuilt,’ 8 March 2011, accessed 16 March 2011.
Are the Port Hills half a metre taller after the Christchurch earthquake?
“Port Hills half a metre taller after Christchurch earthquake”. The Press. Retrieved 7 March 2011. ^ “22 February 2011 – Christchurch badly damaged by magnitude 6.3 earthquake”. Geonet. GNS Science. 23 February 2011. Archived from the original on 28 August 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2011. ^ “No structure built to take it”.