What caused the 2nd industrial revolution?

What caused the 2nd industrial revolution?

The second industrial revolution was said to be between 1870 and 1914, after the civil war[1]. The main causes of the second industrial revolution were due to: natural resources, abundant labor supply, strong government policy, new sources of power, railroads and American inventors and inventions.

When was the 2nd industrial revolution?

The second Industrial Revolution lasted from the mid-19th century until the early 20th century and took place in Britain, continental Europe, North America, and Japan. Later in the 20th century, the second Industrial Revolution spread to other parts of the world.

What did the Second Industrial Revolution focus on?

While the First Industrial Revolution centered on textile manufacturing and the innovation of the steam engine, the Second Industrial Revolution focused instead on steel production, the automobile and advances in electricity. Discoveries in the field of electricity improved communication technologies.

What is another key area of the Second Industrial Revolution?

Development of Railroads Much of the explosion of economic production in America during the Second Industrial Revolution has been attributed to the expansion of the railroads. By the 1860s, the increased availability and lower cost of Bessemer process steel finally allowed the railroads to utilize it in quantity.

How did the Second Industrial Revolution differ from the first?

Second Industrial Revolution. The key difference between first and second industrial revolution is that the first industrial revolution was centered on Textiles, steam power, and iron while the second was centered on steel, railroads, petroleum, chemicals and electricity.

What did the first and Second Industrial Revolution have in common?

What did the first and second industrial revolutions have in common? Both revolutions depended on vast imports of goods, and both led to huge economic growth. The first industrial revolution gave rise to textiles, railroads, iron, and coal. The second was built on steel, electricity, chemicals, and petroleum.

What was the impact of the Second Industrial Revolution?

Rapid advances in the creation of steel, chemicals and electricity helped fuel production, including mass-produced consumer goods and weapons. It became far easier to get around on trains, automobiles and bicycles. At the same time, ideas and news spread via newspapers, the radio and telegraph.

What are the characteristics of the Second Industrial Revolution?

While the First Revolution was driven by limited use of steam engines, interchangeable parts and mass production, and was largely water-powered (especially in the United States), the Second was characterized by the build-out of railroads, large-scale iron and steel production, widespread use of machinery in …

Who led the Second Industrial Revolution?

With his emphasis on vertical integration of parts and assembly line manufacturing, Henry Ford was its king. At its peak, the Ford Motor Company factory in Michigan employed 40,000 workers under one big roof.

Who were the significant inventors of the Second Industrial Revolution?

Started by Eli Whitney, Samuel Slater, and others who developed simple machines and factories to create fabric, and machine parts.

How are the 2 different industrial revolutions characterized?

What was the most important result of the Second Industrial Revolution?

romanticism. romanticism. The most important result of the Second Industrial Revolution was. depleting natural resources.

Where did the Second Industrial Revolution take place?

The Second Industrial Revolution was a period of rapid industrial development, primarily in Britain, Germany and the United States, but also in France, the Low Countries, Italy and Japan.

How did the Second Industrial Revolution lead to increased consumerism?

A heightened consumerism developed as a result of the Second Industrial Revolution. V. Because of the persistence of primitive agricultural practices and land-owning patterns, some areas of Europe lagged in industrialization, while facing famine, debt, and land shortages. AP Key Concepts

What was the most tragic aspect of the Second Industrial Revolution?

Perhaps the most tragic negative aspect of the Second Industrial Revolution was the growth of unregulated child labor. To help their impoverished families, children, often as young as four years old, were forced to work long hours for little pay in factories under unhealthy and unsafe conditions.

How did railroads contribute to the Industrial Revolution?

Railways took the industrialization to the second stage. Thomas Savery built a model steam engine the Miner’s Friend in 1698. Another steam engine was built by Thomas Newcomen in 1712. James Brindley built the First English Canal in 1761. The first steam locomotive, Stephenson’s Rocket, appeared in 1814.

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