What behavior is most characteristic of someone diagnosed with depression?
Feelings of sadness, tearfulness, emptiness or hopelessness. Angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, even over small matters. Loss of interest or pleasure in most or all normal activities, such as sex, hobbies or sports. Sleep disturbances, including insomnia or sleeping too much.
How does depression affect substance abuse?
The symptoms of depression can drive some people toward substance use to cope with their condition. However, consuming drugs or alcohol to self-medicate depression symptoms can increase the risk for addiction.
How long do bipolar lows last?
Depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder can last weeks or months, but rarely longer than one year.
Is bipolar disorder different for everyone?
Bipolar is different for everyone, but a common pattern is that someone will have at least one episode of bipolar symptoms every few years, with each episode lasting for a few months. Some people have ‘rapid cycling’ bipolar, which means they have at least 4 episodes per year.
Which symptoms or warning signs are common among individuals who may be experiencing depression?
Signs and Symptoms
- Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood.
- Feelings of hopelessness, or pessimism.
- Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness.
- Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities.
- Decreased energy or fatigue.
- Moving or talking more slowly.
What are four physical and mental consequences of substance abuse?
Seizures, stroke, mental confusion and brain damage. Lung disease. Problems with memory, attention and decision-making, which make daily living more difficult. Global effects of drugs on the body, such as breast development in men and increases in body temperature, which can lead to other health problems.
What are the symptoms of a depressive episode in bipolar disorder?
Depressive episodes. Symptoms of the depressive phase of bipolar disorder include persistent feelings of sadness, irritability or anger, loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities, excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, sleeping too much or not enough, changes in appetite and/or weight, fatigue, problems concentrating,…
What do you need to know about bipolar disorder?
Everything You Need to Know About Bipolar Disorder 1 Bipolar I. Bipolar I is defined by the appearance of at least one manic episode. 2 Bipolar II. People with this type of bipolar disorder experience one major depressive episode… 3 Cyclothymia. People with cyclothymia have episodes of hypomania and depression. 4 Manic symptoms in children.
What is bipolar disorder (manic depression)?
Bipolar disorder (formerly called manic-depressive illness or manic depression) is a mental disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, concentration, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. There are three types of bipolar disorder.
What are the bipolar spectrum disorders?
Bipolar spectrum disorders includes: bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, cyclothymic disorder and cases where subthreshold symptoms are found to cause clinically significant impairment or distress.