What are two conditions that are examples of congenital heart disease?

What are two conditions that are examples of congenital heart disease?

Other examples of complex congenital heart defects are:

  • Pulmonary atresia. The pulmonary valve is missing, causing abnormal blood flow to the lungs.
  • Tricuspid atresia. The tricuspid valve isn’t formed.
  • Transposition of the great arteries.
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome.

What is the most common cause of congenital heart disease?

Genetic conditions Down’s syndrome is the most widely-known genetic condition that can cause congenital heart disease. Children with Down’s syndrome are born with a range of disabilities as the result of a genetic abnormality.

How many types of congenital heart disease are there?

CHD is often divided into two types: cyanotic (blue skin color caused by a lack of oxygen) and non-cyanotic. The following lists cover the most common CHDs: Cyanotic: Ebstein anomaly.

What is congestive heart condition?

Congestive heart failure (also called heart failure) is a serious condition in which the heart doesn’t pump blood as efficiently as it should.

What is the symptoms of congenital heart disease?

Common congenital heart disease symptoms in adults include:

  • Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias)
  • A bluish tint to the skin, lips and fingernails (cyanosis)
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Tiring quickly upon exertion.
  • Swelling of body tissue or organs (edema)

What congenital heart abnormalities are the result of?

Some congenital heart defects are the result of alcohol or drug use during pregnancy. Most heart defects either cause an abnormal blood flow through the heart, or obstruct blood flow in the heart or vessels (obstructions are called stenoses and can occur in heart valves, arteries, or veins).

What are congenital abnormalities?

Congenital anomalies can be defined as structural or functional anomalies that occur during intrauterine life. Also called birth defects, congenital disorders, or congenital malformations, these conditions develop prenatally and may be identified before or at birth, or later in life.

Why is the heart susceptible to congenital malformation?

In around eight out of 10 cases, the reason for the congenital heart defect is unknown. Some of the known causes of CHD include: Genes – 20 per cent of cases have a genetic cause. Other birth defects – a baby affected by certain birth defects, such as Down syndrome, is more likely to have malformations of the heart.

What are the main causes of congestive heart failure?

What causes congestive heart failure?

  • high levels of cholesterol and/or triglyceride in the blood.
  • high blood pressure.
  • poor diet.
  • a sedentary lifestyle.
  • diabetes.
  • smoking.
  • being overweight or obese.
  • stress.

What are the 4 stages of CHF?

There are four stages of heart failure – stage A, B, C and D – which range from high risk of developing heart failure to advanced heart failure.

When is congenital heart disease diagnosed?

Congenital heart disease may initially be suspected during a routine ultrasound scan of the baby in the womb. Specialist ultrasound, called foetal echocardiography, will then be carried out at around 18 to 22 weeks of the pregnancy to try to confirm the exact diagnosis.

How does congenital heart disease affect the heart?

Some congenital heart defects send more blood to the lungs, causing pressure to build. This eventually causes your heart muscle to weaken and sometimes to fail. Heart failure. Heart failure (congestive heart failure) means your heart can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs.

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