What are the characteristics of fundamentalism?
Characteristics of fundamentalism
- Religious texts are seen as perfect. As such, they might be read literally – be it the Bible, the Qur’an or the Torah.
- There is a profound rejection of modern society.
- Activism is strongly encouraged.
- Fundamentalism reinforces nationalism.
- Fundamentalists have a political agenda.
Which of the following is a defining characteristic of Islamic fundamentalism?
A movement that has gained momentum in recent decades within several Muslim nations. Islamic fundamentalists oppose the infiltration of secular and Westernizing influences and seek to institute Islamic law, including strict codes of behavior. They also target political corruption in Muslim nations.
What are the beliefs of Islamic fundamentalism?
Islamic fundamentalists, or at least “reformist” fundamentalists, believe that Islam is based on the Qur’an, Hadith and Sunnah and “criticize the tradition, the commentaries, popular religious practices (maraboutism, the cult of saints), deviations, and superstitions.
What are fundamentalists beliefs?
Religious fundamentalists believe in the superiority of their religious teachings, and in a strict division between righteous people and evildoers (Altemeyer and Hunsberger, 1992, 2004). This belief system regulates religious thoughts, but also all conceptions regarding the self, others, and the world.
What is an example of fundamentalism?
Fundamentalism is defined as strict adherence to some belief or ideology, especially in a religious context, or a form of Christianity where the Bible is taken literally and obeyed in full. When a person follows every possible rule of the Bible, both literal and implied, this is an example of fundamentalism.
Which of the following is most characteristic of religious fundamentalism?
Which of the following is most characteristic of religious fundamentalism? It is based on a literal interpretation of religious doctrine. (This contributes to their intolerance of others and, in some instances, violence.)
What led to the rise of Islamic fundamentalism?
Specifically, Islamic fundamentalism is the direct result of the displacement of Palestinians after the establishment of the state of Israel. According to Khashan (1997), Islamic fundamentalism results from the decline of Arab nationalism which took its most significant blow after the Arabs lost the 1967 Six-Day War.
What are the causes of Islamic fundamentalism?
The causes of the Islamic resurgence are many: socio-political, religio-cultural and economic. secular nationalism (liberal nationalism, Arab nationalism and socialism) to provide a strong sense of national identity to gain independence from foreign influence, and to produce strong and prosperous societies.
What are some examples of Islamic fundamentalism being practiced in the book Persepolis?
Islamic fundamentalists have strict dress code for women. Women are expected to cover their hair at all time in the public. The real value of women is measured by the environment she provide for her husbands and children.
What is fundamentalism in simple words?
Fundamentalism is a strict interpretation of the scripture, like Protestant Christians who believe that all the miracles in the Bible really happened. Nowadays, fundamentalism usually refers to religion, but it can also be a strict and literal belief in anything.
What are the varieties of fundamentalism?
Varieties of Fundamentalism around the World
- Christian Fundamentalism.
- Jewish Fundamentalism.
- Mormon Fundamentalism.
- Islamic Fundamentalism.
- Islamists and Jihadists.
- Hindu and Sikh fundamentalism.
- Buddhist fundamentalism.
- Non-religious fundamentalism.
Which is an example of religious fundamentalism?
Three main trends in Israeli Judaism have been characterized as fundamentalist: militant religious Zionism, the ultra-Orthodoxy of the Ashkenazim (Jews of eastern European origin), and the ultra-Orthodoxy of the Sephardim (Jews of Middle Eastern origin) as represented by the Shas political party.
What is Islamic fundamentalism?
Islamic fundamentalists, or at least “reformist” fundamentalists, believe that Islam is based on the Qur’an, Hadith and Sunnah and “criticize the tradition, the commentaries, popular religious practices (maraboutism, the cult of saints), deviations, and superstitions. They aim to return to the founding texts.”
What are the characteristics of Hindu fundamentalists?
They (fundamentalists) are “generally assertive, clamorous, and often violent”. Hence the Hindu destruction of the Babri mosque in 1992 and its consequent bloodshed;
How does it (fundamentalism) manifest itself?
It (fundamentalism) manifests itself as an attempt by “besieged believers” to find their refuge in arming themselves with an identity that is rooted in a past golden age. And this identity is acted out in an attempt to restore that “golden past”.
What are the fundamental principles of Islam?
The fundamental principles of Islam. In classical Islam, God’s attributes were enumerated and discussed by a number of theologians and philosophers, but his essence was deemed to lie beyond human knowledge. Islamic fundamentalism, as represented by Qutb’s system, shifted the debate to Islam’s essence and attributes.