How were the Greek temples built?

How were the Greek temples built?

The first temples were mostly mud, brick, and marble structures on stone foundations. The columns and superstructure (entablature) were wooden, door openings and antae were protected with wooden planks. The mud brick walls were often reinforced by wooden posts, in a type of half-timbered technique.

What is Ionic in Greek architecture?

The Ionic order is one of the three orders of classical architecture, the others being Doric and Corinthian. It is most recognizable by its columns. Every column is made of a base, a shaft, and the volute on top. In the Ionic order, the volute is shaped like scrolls or spirals.

What materials were used to build Greek temples?

The upper elements of the temple were usually made of mud brick and timber, and the platform of the building was of cut masonry. Columns were carved of local stone, usually limestone or tufa; in much earlier temples, columns would have been made of wood.

How were stone columns made?

Whilst some stone columns were carved in one piece, as buildings became bigger, columns began to be constructed from separate drums. These were individually carved and fitted together using a wooden dowel or metal peg in the centre of the drum.

How did they build Acropolis?

The blocks were carved and trimmed by hand on-site with meticulous precision—a necessity when building without mortar. Because the Athenians were a great naval power, experts speculate that they adeptly used a system of pulleys, ropes, and wood cranes to tow and lift the marble blocks.

How long did the Ionic order last?

The Ionic order column was being practiced in mainland Greece in the 5th century BC. It was most popular in the Archaic Period (750–480 BC) in Ionia.

Where did the Ionic order come from?

The Ionic Order originated in Ionia, a coastal region of what is now called Turkey, which is where it gets its name. It is characterised mainly by the scroll-like ornaments that appear on Ionic column capitals known as volutes, as well as the column base supports that are not featured on Doric columns.

What techniques did the Greeks use?


Technology Date
Gimbal 3rd century BC
Dry dock c. 200 BC
Fore-and-aft rig (spritsail) 2nd century BC
Air and water pumps c. 2nd century BC

When were Ionic columns invented?

6th century BC
The Ionic order originated in the mid-6th century BC in Ionia (broadly equivalent to modern day İzmir Province), as well as the southwestern coastland and islands of Asia Minor settled by Ionians, where Ionic Greek was spoken. The Ionic order column was being practiced in mainland Greece in the 5th century BC.

How did Romans lift columns?

Large wooden cranes, which were spectacular examples of Roman ingenuity in themselves, would then lift the column into its place on each podium (see Figure 5).

How did the ancient Greeks build their building?

The Greeks built most of their temples and government buildings in three types of styles :Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These styles (also called “orders”) were reflected in the type of columns they used. Most all of the columns had grooves down the sides called fluting.

Begin typing your search term above and press enter to search. Press ESC to cancel.

Back To Top