How do you use genitive in Finnish?
The genitive singular ending is -n and the genitive plural ending is -in, -en, -den, -ten, or -tten. The endings -den and -tten are always alternative to each other.
What are the 15 grammatical cases in Finnish?
Finnish language: Grammatical cases
- Inessive (inside)
- Elative (from inside to outside)
- Illative (from outside to inside)
- Adessive (external closeby)
- Ablative (from external closeby to outside)
- Allative (from outside to external closeby)
How are Finnish sentences structured?
The sentence begins with a location, followed by a verb and then the subject. Example: Sairaalassa oli vanha tohtori (“In the hospital was the/an old doctor”). The subject can be in the partitive in limited situations, such as in Kaloja ui vedessä (“There are fish swimming in the water”).
Does Finnish have declensions?
Finnish nominals, which include pronouns, adjectives, and numerals, are declined in a large number of grammatical cases, whose uses and meanings are detailed here. …
What is Partitive Finnish?
The partitive singular is formed using the partitive stem and the partitive plural using the strong-grade plural stem. If the partitive stem ends in a consonant or two or more vowels, the partitive ending is -ta/-tä in the singular. Otherwise the ending is -a/-ä. A word ends in two or more vowels.
How do you say plural in Finnish?
There are three ways to express plural forms in Finnish language: t-plural, partitive case and i-plural.
- The T-plural. The basic plural form is called the t-plural.
- The partitive case.
- The i-plural.
What does KSI mean in Finnish?
Its ending is -ksi: pitkä “long”, venyi pitkäksi “(it) stretched long”
How many noun cases eg nominative genitive accusative Finnish language has?
fifteen noun cases
Finnish has fifteen noun cases: four grammatical cases, six locative cases, two essive cases (three in some Eastern dialects) and three marginal cases.
Why is Finnish so unique?
Unusual for a European language, Finnish doesn’t have many loan words to English or any other languages, with one exception. Subsequently, the word is spelt the same in most other languages, although in Finnish it is pronounced as ‘sow-nah’ rather than ‘saw-nuh’.
What does ONKS mean in Finnish?
Onks is a colloquial way of saying onko(s), asking if something is something.
What is nominative case in Finnish?
Notes. Nominatiivi (nominative) is the case of a subject and has no ending in the singular. In plural it has the ending -t, whereas in most other cases, the plural suffix is -i- which appears before the case suffix (e.g.: taloissa).
How do you add the personal ending to a Finnish verb?
Before adding the personal ending you must take away the infinitive marker: Our example here is the verb puhua (to speak). It belongs to the most common Finnish conjugation type (verb type 1). This type has two vowels at the end of the infinitive form (the basic form): the last vowel (a or ä) is the infinitive marker. Minä puhun suomea.
How many negative words are there in Finnish?
There are six negative words in Finnish, one for each person. The negative word has the personal endings! Therefore, the actual (main) verb has no personal endings. Notice! 1. The form of the actual verb used in the negative form is taken from the first person singular by dropping the personal ending: 2.
How many types of conjugation are there in Finnish?
There are 5 main conjugation types of the Finnish verbs. The verbs are divided into types according to the infinitive marker and the way the personal endings are attached to the verb. The personal endings with the possible exception of the 3rd person singular are the same for all the conjugation types.
What is the negative form of the Swedish word for verb?
The form of the actual verb used in the negative form is taken from the first person singular by dropping the personal ending: 2. The ending for the negative word for the 3rd person plural is always -vät, because the word has no vowels a, o or u: He eiv ät ole Espanjasta.