How are antimycobacterial drugs classified?

How are antimycobacterial drugs classified?

Each year the number of cases increases due to high drug resistance shown by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Available antimycobacterial drugs have been classified as First line, Second line and Third line antibiotics depending on the time of their discoveries and their effectiveness in the treatment.

What are antimycobacterial drugs?

Antituberculosis or antimycobacterial agents represent a diverse group of compounds, which are used either alone or in combination to treat Mycobacterium infections, including tuberculosis and leprosy. These drugs include rifampin, isoniazid, ethambutol, streptomycin, and kanamycin.

What are the classes of antibacterial drugs?

Classes of antibiotics include the following:

  • Aminoglycosides.
  • Carbapenems.
  • Cephalosporins.
  • Fluoroquinolones.
  • Glycopeptides and lipoglycopeptides.
  • Macrolides.

Which of the following is example of antimycobacterial drugs?

Antimycobacterial, or antituberculosis, agents represent a diverse group of structurally-unrelated compounds that includes rifampin, isoniazid, ethambutol, streptomycin, amikacin and kanamycin. Other antibiotics may be added to the drug therapy if needed; for example, a fluoroquinolone.

What is antimycobacterial activity?

Antimycobacterial activity of natural products and synthetic agents: pyrrolodiquinolines and vermelhotin as anti-tubercular leads against clinical multidrug resistant isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

How do antimycobacterial drugs work?

Its mechanism of action involves inhibition of the synthesis of mycolic acids, essential components of mycobacterial cell walls. Resistance can emerge rapidly if the drug is used alone.

What class is Clindamycin?

Clindamycin is in a class of medications called lincomycin antibiotics. It works by slowing or stopping the growth of bacteria.

What diseases are the antimycobacterial antibiotics used on and why?

A type of antimycobacterial antibiotic includes the class of drugs used for tuberculosis (TB) treatment.

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