Are water wells legal in Texas?

Are water wells legal in Texas?

Groundwater in Texas is governed by the legal doctrine known as the Rule of Capture. Under the Rule of Capture, a landowner needs no permit to drill a well and pump groundwater, and he may pump as much water as he may beneficially use even if that causes his neighbor’s well to go dry.

Is well water safe to drink Texas?

Groundwater from a properly constructed and maintained well is usually high quality water and safe for drinking.

What is a municipal water well?

What is a municipal water well: Also known as an industrial water well, municipal wells are created by drilling a large hole down into the earth, usually at least 10 inches in diamter, until an aquifer is located that contains enough water to supply the amount of water needed to support the city or facility that will …

How do I find a water well in Texas?

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) Water Well Report Viewer ( allows users to geographically locate and view copies of at least one million scanned water well reports submitted by drillers since 1960.

Can you pump water from a river in Texas?

In Texas, surface-water rights are governed by duel doctrine that take widely differing approaches: riparian and appropriation. Under this doctrine, property owners have a right to draw water from a stream or water body that crosses or borders their land. …

How deep is the average water well in Texas?

The wells average about 600 feet, but can range anywhere between 60 feet to 1,260 feet depending on location. There are approximately 200 feet between zones in aquifers underground — that’s how much farther drillers have to go on average to hit water in an aquifer when the zone above is dry.

Can I drill a water well on my property?

You probably can drill your own well on your property. You, of course, would have to contact your local building department to see if there are any regulations that must be followed. Some states and cities may still charge you for the water that’s pulled from your land, but that’s a debate for another day.

What is the difference between municipal water and well water?

The most obvious difference between private well water and municipal water supplies is how the quality is regulated. Municipal supplies are monitored and regulated by the EPA. Well water, on the other hand, is not regulated by the EPA.

How are municipal water different than well water?

Public water is treated with chlorine, fluoride, and other harsh and dangerous chemicals. Well water travels straight up from the ground; you get all the health benefits of clean water with none of the harsh chemical additives. Just make sure to check the area around your well and, again, test it annually.

How much does it cost to dig a water well in Texas?

Consult with a professional well driller. Drilling a residential water well costs $25 to $65 per foot or $3,750 to $15,300 on average for a complete system and installation. Prices include the drilling, a pump, casing, wiring, and more. Total costs largely depend on the depth drilled and the well’s diameter.

How many acres do you need to drill a water well in Texas?

5 acres
Any abandoned wells must be plugged to District and TDLR rules or specifications. For multiple water wells on the same tract of land over 5 acres there shall be a minimum of 5 acres per well to help ensure the wells will still be considered as exempt /registered wells.

Where can I find water well data in Texas?

The Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) has data on both private and public water wells. Water well reports can be viewed and printed via the TWDB Water Data Interactive (WDI) . The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) scanned water well reports that were submitted by mail.

Are public wells regulated by the TCEQ?

Public Wells Public wells serve public water supply systems and are regulated by the Public Drinking Water Section of the TCEQ. These public water supply systems must have at least 15 service connections or serve at least 25 individuals at least 60 days out of the year. TCEQ’s Public Drinking Water Section regulates public water supply systems

What is a water well?

A water well is a hole drilled into an aquifer with a pipe, screen, and pump to pull water out of the ground. There are many different types and uses of wells. Public wells supply drinking water to municipalities. Private or domestic wells can be used for a variety purposes, such as irrigation, drinking water and industrial uses.

What is the Texas well owner Network program?

The Texas Well Owner Network (TWON) program is for Texas residents who depend on household wells for their drinking water needs. The Private Well Class provides free online training to private water well owners across the nation. provides information regarding Water Well Maintenance.

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